Understanding the diverse needs of subtitle users in a rapidly evolving media landscape.
Armstrong, Mike; Brown, Andy; Crabb, Michael; Hughes, Chris J.; Jones, Rhianne; Sandford, James
Chris J. Hughes
Audiences are increasingly using services, such as video on demand and the Web, to watch television programs. Broadcasters need to make subtitles available across all these new platforms. These platforms also create new design opportunities for subtitles along with the ability to customize them to an individual's needs. To explore these new opportunities for subtitles, we have begun the process of reviewing the guidance for subtitles on television and evaluating the original user research. We have found that existing guidelines have been shaped by a mixture of technical constraints, industry practice, and user research, constrained by existing technical standards. This paper provides an overview of the subtitle research at BBC R&D over the past two years. Our research is revealing significant diversity in the needs and preferences of frequent subtitle users, and points to the need for personalization in the way subtitles are displayed. We are developing a new approach to the authoring and display of subtitles that can respond to the user requirements by adjusting the subtitle layout on the client device.
ARMSTRONG, M., BROWN, A., CRABB, M., HUGHES, C., JONES, R. and SANDFORD, J. 2016. Understanding the diverse needs of subtitle users in a rapidly evolving media landscape. SMPTE motion imaging journal [online], 125(9), pages 33-41. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5594/JMI.2016.2614919
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Dec 31, 2016|
|Online Publication Date||Dec 31, 2016|
|Publication Date||Dec 31, 2016|
|Deposit Date||Jun 9, 2017|
|Publicly Available Date||Jun 9, 2017|
|Journal||SMPTE motion imaging journal|
|Publisher||SMPTE: Society for Motion Picture Television|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Closed captions; Subtitles accessibility; Usability; UX; Television; Web; VoD; Video; Personalisation; Responsive; Diversity|
ARMSTRONG 2016 Understanding the diverse needs
Publisher Licence URL
You might also like
Inclusive design for immersive spaces.
Developing accessible services: understanding current knowledge and areas for future support.
W3C accessibility guidelines for mobile games.