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Relationship between demographic characteristics and hand grip measurement of students in UTMKL.

Hisan, Fara Nuur Ain Noor; Saifuzzaman, Ahmad Damdarash; Yasak, Hannan Asyraf Mohd; Kai, Lee Chen; Bani, Nurul Aini; Noor, Norliza Mohd; Aris, Siti Armiza Mohd; Jalil, Siti Zura Abd.; Rahaman, Sharipah Alwiah Syed Abdul; Usman, Sahnius; Abdullah, Haslaile; Kaidi, Hazilah Mad; Muhtazaruddin, Mohd Nabil; Ishak, Ruzana; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa


Fara Nuur Ain Noor Hisan

Ahmad Damdarash Saifuzzaman

Hannan Asyraf Mohd Yasak

Lee Chen Kai

Nurul Aini Bani

Norliza Mohd Noor

Siti Armiza Mohd Aris

Siti Zura Abd. Jalil

Sharipah Alwiah Syed Abdul Rahaman

Sahnius Usman

Haslaile Abdullah

Hazilah Mad Kaidi

Mohd Nabil Muhtazaruddin

Ruzana Ishak

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki

Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar


Biomechanical motion analysis is concerned with the investigation of movement of a subject. In particular, this project is interested in the movement found in nature, in biological systems such as human pinch and human grip. The motion is to be investigated with a view of analyzing the mechanical aspects of it, such as grip rate and force values in Newton and kilograms using a Digital Pinch/Grip Analyser. The hand grip strength (HGS) is an important test used to measure deficiency in hand muscle power, assessment of surgical treatments and rehabilitation evaluation. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between demographic characteristics on HGS of UTMKL students. Additionally, this study also observes the relation of some anthropometric variables such as weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and hand circumferences with the HGS. Overall, 30 participants participated in this study. Data were collected for demographic variables, medical history, and lifestyle behavior. Maximum dominant hand grip strength (DHGS) in male was at the age of 23 (mean= 276.446N) and 26 years (mean=276.1N) and for female in age 22 (mean=166.1778N). The mean difference in DHGS between both genders was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The mean difference in DHGS between each side was statistically significant (p < 0.05) in the right-hand dominant group, but not in the left-hand dominant group. The dominant hand is stronger than the non-dominant. Right-hand dominance is stronger than left-hand dominance. Besides, DHGS differed significantly across ethnicity and residential area. The DHGS also has positive correlations with age and height in males, and with all measurements (age, height, weight, BMI, hand circumferences) in females. Our study has shown the relationship between HGS with demographic and anthropometric data.


HISAN, F.N.A.N., SAIFUZZMAN, A.D., MOHD YASAK, H.A., KAI, L.C., BANI, N.A., MOHD NOOR, N., MOHD ARIS, S.A., JALIL, S.Z.A., RAHAMAN, S.A.S.A., USMAN, S., ABDULLAH, H., MAD KAIDI, H., MUHTAZARUDDIN, M.N., ISHAK, R., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F. and ABU-BAKAR, S.H. 2017. Relationship between demographic characteristics and hand grip measurement of students in UTMKL. Journal of advanced research in applied mechanics [online], 29(1), pages 9-19. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 8, 2017
Online Publication Date Jan 28, 2017
Publication Date Jan 31, 2017
Deposit Date Nov 9, 2017
Publicly Available Date Nov 9, 2017
Journal Journal of advanced research in applied mechanics
Electronic ISSN 2289-7895
Publisher Akademia Baru Publishing (M) Sdn Bhd
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 1
Pages 9-19
Keywords Hand grip strength; UTMKL population based study; Anthropometric; Demographic; Dominant hand grip strength; Hand pinch strength; Biomechanical
Public URL
Publisher URL


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