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Bringing social and cultural considerations into environmental management for vulnerable coastal communities: responses to environmental change in Xuan Thuy National Park, Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam.

Mabon, Leslie; Tung, Nguyen Song; Dung, Nguyen Thi Kim; Tram, Pham Thi; Nga, Cao Thi Thanh; Quynh, Le Thu; Trung, Dang Thanh; Thu, Nguyen Thi Huyen; Nguyet, Nguyen Thi Bich; Ngoc, Le Hong; Tuyet, Tran Thi; Tu, Bui Thi Cam; Anh, Tran Ngoc; Mueller-Hirth, Natascha; Yuill, Chris

Authors

Leslie Mabon

Nguyen Song Tung

Nguyen Thi Kim Dung

Pham Thi Tram

Cao Thi Thanh Nga

Le Thu Quynh

Dang Thanh Trung

Nguyen Thi Huyen Thu

Nguyen Thi Bich Nguyet

Le Hong Ngoc

Tran Thi Tuyet

Bui Thi Cam Tu

Tran Ngoc Anh

Chris Yuill



Abstract

This paper elaborates the importance of considering social and cultural factors within management responses to environmental change in coastal areas. The case study taken is Xuan Thuy National Park in Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam. This is a marginalised coastal area where rising sea levels, increasing storm surges and saltwater intrusion place pressure on coastal ecosystems, yet where communities continue to rely on these same ecosystems for agriculture- and aquaculture-related livelihoods. We interview stakeholders in Xuan Thuy National Park, connecting these with a narrative review of existing research into social and environmental change in the park to understand research gaps and challenges for vulnerable coastal areas like the Nam Dinh coast. Based on our findings, we suggest that whilst the effects of a changing environment on physical health and economic activity are increasingly well understood, effects on wellbeing and social relations can be even more immediate and profound in daily living. In turn, we argue environmental management has a crucial role to play not only for ecosystem-based adaptation, but also in sustaining wellbeing and allowing culturally meaningful practices to continue - especially in coastal regions where changes can be even more intense and immediate. However, we caution that whilst techno-scientific solutions grounded in environmental management do have significant potential in reducing impacts of extreme events and slower-onset environmental changes, they must not divert attention away from structural issues that can make some people or areas more vulnerable in the first instance.

Citation

MABON, L., NGUYEN, S.T., NGUYEN, T.K.D., PHAM, T.T., CAO, T.T.N., LE, T.Q., DANG, T.T., NGUYEN, T.H.T., NGUYEN, T.B.N., LE, H.N., TRAN, T.T., BUI, T.C.T., TRAN, N.A., MUELLER-HIRTH, N. and YUILL, C. 2018. Bringing social and cultural considerations into environmental management for vulnerable coastal communities: responses to environmental change in Xuan Thuy National Park, Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam. Ocean and coastal management [online], 158, pages 32-44. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.03.022

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 8, 2018
Online Publication Date Mar 19, 2018
Publication Date May 15, 2018
Deposit Date Mar 9, 2018
Publicly Available Date Mar 20, 2019
Journal Ocean and coastal management
Print ISSN 0964-5691
Electronic ISSN 1873-524X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 158
Pages 32-44
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.03.022
Keywords Climate change adaptation; Ecosystem based adaptation; Vulnerability assessment; Wellbeing; Xuan Thuy National Park
Public URL http://hdl.handle.net/10059/2798

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