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A theory-informed qualitative exploration of social and environmental determinants of physical activity and dietary choices in adolescents with intellectual disabilities in their final year of school.

Stevens, Gemma; Jahoda, Andrew; Matthews, Lynsay; Hankey, Catherine; Melville, Craig; Murray, Heather; Mitchell, Fiona

Authors

Gemma Stevens

Andrew Jahoda

Lynsay Matthews

Catherine Hankey

Craig Melville

Heather Murray

Fiona Mitchell

Abstract

Background: - The prevalence of obesity is higher in those with intellectual disabilities than the general population. The aim of the study was to understand the determinants of physical activity and dietary patterns in this population during their final year of school. Method: - Qualitative data were generated from 10 interviews with adolescents with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities. Data were analysed using deductive thematic analysis, employing Self-Determination Theory as a theoretical framework. Results: - Adolescents' environment and social interactions play a pivotal role in influencing physical activity and dietary patterns. Three themes emerged from the analysis: situatedness, motivation and wider environmental influences. Conclusions: - School structure, high self-efficacy and social connectedness facilitate increased physical activity and healthier diet in adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Home life, low self-efficacy and a lack of social connectedness can serve as a barrier to PA and a healthy diet.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 15, 2018
Journal Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities
Print ISSN 1360-2322
Electronic ISSN 1468-3148
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue S1
Pages 52-67
Institution Citation STEVENS, G., JAHODA, A., MATTHEWS, L., HANKEY, C., MELVILLE, C., MURRAY, H. and MITCHELL, F. 2018. A theory-informed qualitative exploration of social and environmental determinants of physical activity and dietary choices in adolescents with intellectual disabilities in their final year of school. Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities [online], 31(S1), pages 52-67. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12340
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12340
Keywords Dietary patterns; Intellectual disabilities; Physical activity; Qualitative; Self-determination; Transition

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