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Knowledge and practice characteristics of pharmacists in Qatar towards medication use in pregnancy: a cross-sectional survey.

Rouf, Pallivalapilla Abdul; Thomas, Binny; Elkassem, Wessam; Tarannum, Asma; Al Saad, Doua; Gasim, Mohammed M.; Al Hail, Moza

Authors

Pallivalapilla Abdul Rouf

Binny Thomas

Wessam Elkassem

Asma Tarannum

Doua Al Saad

Mohammed M. Gasim

Moza Al Hail



Abstract

Medication use during pregnancy is common. Pharmacists have an important role in improving medication use during pregnancy, but there is a lack of empirical evidence on pharmacists' knowledge and practice characteristics towards medication use in pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the knowledge and practice characteristics of pharmacists in Qatar about medicine use during pregnancy. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a period of 6 months in 2010. Questionnaires were distributed to 400 of 800 licensed pharmacists employed in Qatar, in both government and private sectors. Data were collected on: demographics and practice characteristics of the pharmacists; their knowledge and perception of medication use in pregnancy; their confidence in dealing with pregnant women and physicians; and their source for drug information. Of the 400 questionnaires distributed, 207 were returned (52% response rate). Most pharmacists (71%) had not participated in any educational activities on medication use in pregnancy. About 50% reported that < 10% of their workload involved dispensing medications to pregnant women. A lack of available resources and unknown pregnancy status were the main concerns about dispensing medication to pregnant women. The majority of the respondents had average knowledge about medication use in pregnancy. There was a significant association between knowledge, continuing education and years of experience (P < 0.05). The study concluded that pharmacists in Qatar have an average level of knowledge about medications use in pregnancy, and that continuous educational programmes are needed in order to enhance pharmacists' knowledge and practice in this area.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 28, 2018
Journal Eastern Mediterranean health journal
Print ISSN 1020-3397
Electronic ISSN 1687-1634
Publisher World Health Organization
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Issue 2
Pages 137-145
Institution Citation ROUF, P.A., THOMAS, B., ELKASSEM, W., TARANNUM, A., AL SAAD, D., GASIM, M.M. and AL HAIL, M. 2018. Knowledge and practice characteristics of pharmacists in Qatar towards medication use in pregnancy: a cross-sectional survey. Eastern Mediterranean health journal [online], 24(2), pages 137-145. Available from: https://doi.org/10.26719/2018.24.2.137
DOI https://doi.org/10.26719/2018.24.2.137
Keywords Pregnancy; Pharmacist; Knowledge; Medication; Continuous education

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