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Experimental and numerical study of buoyancy-driven low turbulence flow in rectangular enclosure partially filled with isolated solid blockages.

Iyi, Draco; Hasan, Reaz; Penlington, Roger


Draco Iyi

Reaz Hasan

Roger Penlington


This paper considers the natural convection inside an air filled enclosure having several isolated cylindrical blockages distributed within it, and arranged parallel to two vertical walls of the enclosure. These two walls are maintained at different temperatures resulting in a natural convection process inside the enclosure. The objectives are to provide experimental temperature data and to investigate the influence of the blockages proximity within and outside the active vertical wall hydrodynamic boundary layer of the natural convection flow and heat transfer. Experiments were designed with high degree of accuracy to provide reliable temperature data-bank for a range of blockages proximity to the active vertical walls. The test enclosure is an air filled rectangular cavity fixed at 0.97m {D7} 0.4m {D7} 1m, corresponding to the height, width and depth respectively. The top and bottom walls are conducting surface and the temperature difference between the active vertical walls was maintained at 42.2{deg}C resulting in a characteristic Rayleigh number of 4.04 {D7} 109 based on the enclosure height. All the walls of the enclosure were insulated externally while the inner surfaces were covered with conducting plate. The test cavity capability of establishing low turbulence natural convection flows was verified. All temperature data were obtained at steady state and it was verified to be reproducible by repeating the experiment at different times. Also, two-dimensionality was verified via rigorous temperature readings over a period of time. Additional temperature readings were recorded for the air and cylinder surfaces at several distinct locations. Further investigations were conducted using a numerical approach to supplement and validate the experiments. Experimental temperature data collated at various locations within the enclosure show excellent comparison with numerical results and as such provide a useful experimental benchmark temperature data for the validation of low turbulence natural convection flow in enclosure partially filled with isolated solid objects. Our result shows that a significant increment or reduction in air temperature and wall heat transfer could be achieved by varying the blockages proximity, and especially when the blockages are positioned within the hydrodynamic boundary layers of the active vertical walls.


IYI, D., HASAN, R. and PENLINGTON, R. 2018. Experimental and numerical study of buoyancy-driven low turbulence flow in rectangular enclosure partially filled with isolated solid blockages. International journal of heat and mass transfer [online], 127(Part B), pages 534-545. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 5, 2018
Online Publication Date Jul 30, 2018
Publication Date Dec 31, 2018
Deposit Date Jul 31, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jul 31, 2019
Journal International journal of heat and mass transfer
Print ISSN 0017-9310
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 127
Issue Part B
Pages 534-545
Keywords Buoyancy driven flow; Isolated blockages; Experimental benchmark data; Numerical study; Heat transfer; Natural convection flow
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