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The impacts of foot and mouth disease on a peripheral tourism area: the role and effect of crisis management.

Irvine, Wilson; Anderson, Alistair R.


Wilson Irvine

Alistair R. Anderson


This study reports on the consequences of endemic cattle and sheep disease (2001) on two separate areas on the tourist industry; (a) the Grampian Region of Scotland (indirectly affected) and (b) Cumbria in England (directly affected), and secondly on the effects of various crisis management strategies to alleviate the ensuing problems in both areas. Data were collected by a survey of a sample of 200 tourism orientated SME operators in Grampian and 170 businesses in Cumbria. The results show two forms of impact caused by the disease, direct and those less obvious or tangible. Direct impact was the dramatic loss of trade, most dramatically experienced by the lack of tourists visiting the areas. Indirect effects included loss of supply, change to the product offered and cuts in future investment. In the combination of these impacts, it was clear that the effects would have longevity far beyond the period of the actual crisis. Although the actual presence of the disease was geographically limited in Grampian, the consequences rippled out to affect areas that had no direct connection. In Cumbria, the effects were only slightly more severe but the response more direct and initially effective. Significantly the data also demonstrated a perception of minimal effort by the government to limit the consequences to the farming industry especially in Grampian. We conclude that the tourist industry in peripheral regions is fragile and highly vulnerable to any external shocks. However, we also note the ability of small rural firms to respond to such catastrophes and to avert the worst impacts of crisis.


IRVINE, W. and ANDERSON, A.R. 2005. The impacts of foot and mouth disease on a peripheral tourism area: the role and effect of crisis management. Journal of travel and tourism marketing [online], 19(2-3), pages 47-60. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 31, 2005
Online Publication Date Dec 31, 2005
Publication Date Dec 31, 2005
Deposit Date Sep 30, 2008
Publicly Available Date Sep 30, 2008
Journal Journal of travel and tourism marketing
Print ISSN 1054-8408
Electronic ISSN 1540-7306
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 2-3
Pages 47-60
Keywords Foot and mouth disease; Small to medium enterprises; Peripheral areas; Crisis
Public URL


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