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The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation.

Laing, Richard; Davies, Anne-Marie; Hargreaves, Andrew; Scott, Stephen


Richard Laing

Anne-Marie Davies

Andrew Hargreaves

Stephen Scott


This paper describes a series of methodologies for use in evaluation of the built environment. The use of virtual models within Architecture and Engineering is widespread at the design stage, but has to date been limited in terms of application and interaction when evaluating the impact of designs on existing environments. Methodologies that have been established in other fields including environmental economics and retail studies were applied, to establish whether such methods were appropriate for use in the built environment. These methods have tended traditionally to use text-based scenarios, potentially causing methodological difficulties where research concerns aesthetic impact. A series of virtual models of existing areas were constructed within CAD and 3D Studio, and through the use of both online and onsite experiments, the capabilities of such models to convey information within experiments was tested. The research noted that 3D computer models have only rarely been used to facilitate real interaction between interested or affected parties. The paper describes how such models could be applied within public consultation and participation to provide a richer data set. This research concluded that methodologies including choice experimentation are capable of being completed using imagery as the device for information delivery. It was noted that the use of more interactive virtual environments should be tested in future work.


LAING, R., DAVIES, A.-M., HARGREAVES, A. and SCOTT, S. 2004. The application of 3D modelling techniques in built environment evaluation. Studies in regional and urban planning, 10, pages 119-127.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 31, 2004
Online Publication Date Dec 31, 2004
Publication Date Dec 31, 2004
Deposit Date Jan 19, 2009
Publicly Available Date Jan 19, 2009
Journal Studies in regional and urban planning
Print ISSN 1106-2606
Publisher Constantine Porphyrogenetus International Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Pages 119-127
Keywords Evaluation; Visualisation; Participation; Choice experiments; Interaction
Public URL


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