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Towards operational abduction from a cognitive perspective.

Bruza, Peter; Cole, Richard; Song, Dawei; Bari, Zeeniya

Authors

Peter Bruza

Richard Cole

Dawei Song

Zeeniya Bari



Abstract

Diminishing awareness is a consequence of the information explosion: disciplines are becoming increasingly specialized; individuals and groups are becoming ever more insular. This article considers how awareness can be enhanced via operational abductive systems. The goal is to generate and justify suggestions which can span disparate islands of knowledge. Knowledge representation is motivated from a cognitive perspective. Words and concepts are represented as vectors in a high dimensional semantic space automatically derived from a text corpus. Various mechanisms will be presented for computing suggestions from semantic space: information flow, semantic similarity, pre-inductive generalization. The overall goal of this article is to introduce semantic space to the model-based reasoning and abduction community and to illustrate its potential for principled, operational abduction by semi-automatically replicating the Swanson Raynaud/fish oil discovery in medical text.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 31, 2006
Journal Logic journal of the IGPL
Print ISSN 1367-0751
Electronic ISSN 1368-9894
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 2
Pages 161-177
Institution Citation BRUZA, P., COLE, R., SONG, D. and BARI, Z. 2006. Towards operational abduction from a cognitive perspective. Logic journal of the IGPL [online], 14(2), pages 161-177. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/jigpal/jzk012
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/jigpal/jzk012
Keywords Abduction; Knowledge discovery; Scientific discovery

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