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Learning and optimization of an aspect hidden markov model for query language model generation.

Huang, Qiang; Song, Dawei; Rüger, Stefan; Bruza, Peter

Authors

Qiang Huang

Dawei Song

Stefan Rüger

Peter Bruza



Contributors

Sándor Dominich
Editor

Ferenc Kiss
Editor

Abstract

The Relevance Model (RM) incorporates pseudo relevance feedback to derive query language model and has shown a good performance. Generally, it is based on uni-gram models of individual feedback documents from which query terms are sampled independently. In this paper, we present a new method to build the query model with latent state machine (LSM) which captures the inherent term dependencies within the query and the term dependencies between query and documents. Our method firstly splits the query into subsets of query terms (i.e., not only single terms, but different combinations of multiple query terms). Secondly, these query term combinations are then considered as weighted latent states of a hidden Markov Model to derive a new query model from the pseudo relevant documents. Thirdly, our method integrates the Aspect Model (AM) with the EM algorithm to estimate the parameters involved in the model. Specifically, the pseudo relevant documents are segmented into chunks, and different chunks are associated with different weights in relation to a latent state. Our approach is empirically evaluated on three TREC collections, and demonstrates statistically significant improvements over a baseline language model and the Relevance Model.

Start Date Oct 18, 2007
Publication Date Dec 31, 2007
Publisher INFOTA Foundation for Information Society
Pages 157-164
Institution Citation HUANG, Q., SONG, D., RUGER, S. and BRUZA, P. 2007. Learning and optimization of an aspect hidden markov model for query language model generation. In Dominich, S. and Kiss, F. (eds.) Studies in theory of information retrieval: proceedings of the 1st Association of Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval (ACM SIGIR) international conference on the theory of information retrieval (ICTIR'07), 18-20 October 2007, Budapest, Hungary. Budapest: Foundation for Information Society (INFOTA), pages 157-164.
Keywords Aspect model; Latent variable model; Segmentation; Information retrieval

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