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The photocatalytic decomposition of microsystin-LR using selected titanium dioxide materials.

Liu, Iain; Lawton, Linda A.; Bahnemann, Detlef W.; Liu, Lei; Proft, Bernd; Robertson, Peter K.J.


Iain Liu

Detlef W. Bahnemann

Lei Liu

Bernd Proft

Peter K.J. Robertson


Microcystins (cyclic heptapeptides) produced by a number of freshwater cyanobacteria are a potential cause for concern in potable water supplies due to their acute and chronic toxicity. TiO2 photocatalysis is a promising technology for removal of these toxins from drinking water. It is, however, necessary to have a sufficient knowledge of how the catalyst materials cause the degradation of the toxins through the photocatalytic process. The present study reports microcystin degradation products of the photocatalytic oxidation by using a number of commercial TiO2 powder (P25, PC50, PC500 and UV100) and granular (KO1, KO3, TiCat-C, TiCat-S) materials, so aiding the mechanistic understanding of this process. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis demonstrated that the major destruction pathway of microcystin for all the catalysts tested followed almost the same pathway, indicating the physical properties of the catalysts had little effects on the degradation pathway of microcystin-LR.


LIU, I., LAWTON, L.A., BAHNEMANN, D.W., LIU, L., PROFT, B. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2009. The photocatalytic decomposition of microsystin-LR using selected titanium dioxide materials. Chemosphere [online], 76(4), pages 549-553. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 27, 2009
Online Publication Date Apr 17, 2009
Publication Date Jul 31, 2009
Deposit Date Jun 30, 2010
Publicly Available Date Jun 30, 2010
Journal Chemosphere
Print ISSN 0045-6535
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 76
Issue 4
Pages 549-553
Keywords TiO2; Photocatalyst; Cyanotoxin; Microsystin LR
Public URL


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