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Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity and type 2 diabetes: a review.

Gryka, Anna; Broom, Iain; Rolland, Catherine


Anna Gryka

Iain Broom

Catherine Rolland


This review examines the effects of low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets (LCHO) ( < 150g carbohydrate/day) on glycaemia and cardiovascular risk, appetite and satiety, liver and kidney function, energy expenditure, and bone metabolism. It also investigates the possible adverse effects of the same diets in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). At this stage, there is evidence to suggest that the use of lower carbohydrate diets improves glycaemia, cardiovascular risk and liver function in patients with T2DM. The results also suggest that patients' choices are in fact broader than previously believes, since LCHOs provide an alternative to standard dietary interventions. However, there is still a lack of evidence for the use of these approaches in the longer term.


GRYKA, A., BROOM, I. and ROLLAND, C. 2012. Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity and type 2 diabetes: a review. Agro food industry hi-tech [online], 23(Supplement 2), pages 12-14. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 31, 2012
Online Publication Date Mar 31, 2012
Publication Date Apr 30, 2012
Deposit Date Sep 11, 2012
Publicly Available Date Sep 11, 2012
Journal Agro food industry hi-tech
Print ISSN 1722-6996
Electronic ISSN 2035-4606
Publisher Teknoscienze Srl
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue Supplement 2
Pages 12-14
Keywords Obesity; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; T2DM; Low carbohydrate high protein; LCHP; Weight loss
Public URL
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