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Automatic 3D facial modelling with deformable models.

Xiang, Guofu


Guofu Xiang


Patrik Holt

Xiangyang Ju


Facial modelling and animation has been an active research subject in computer graphics since the 1970s. Due to extremely complex biomechanical structures of human faces and peoples visual familiarity with human faces, modelling and animating realistic human faces is still one of greatest challenges in computer graphics. Since we are so familiar with human faces and very sensitive to unnatural subtle changes in human faces, it usually requires a tremendous amount of artistry and manual work to create a convincing facial model and animation. There is a clear need of developing automatic techniques for facial modelling in order to reduce manual labouring. In order to obtain a realistic facial model of an individual, it is now common to make use of 3D scanners to capture range scans from the individual and then fit a template to the range scans. However, most existing template-fitting methods require manually selected landmarks to warp the template to the range scans. It would be tedious to select landmarks by hand over a large set of range scans. Another way to reduce repeated work is synthesis by reusing existing data. One example is expression cloning, which copies facial expression from one face to another instead of creating them from scratch. This aim of this study is to develop a fully automatic framework for template-based facial modelling, facial expression transferring and facial expression tracking from range scans. In this thesis, the author developed an extension of the iterative closest points (ICP) algorithm, which is able to match a template with range scans in different scales, and a deformable model, which can be used to recover the shapes of range scans and to establish correspondences between facial models. With the registration method and the deformable model, the author proposed a fully automatic approach to reconstructing facial models and textures from range scans without re-quiring any manual interventions. In order to reuse existing data for facial modelling, the author formulated and solved the problem of facial expression transferring in the framework of discrete differential geometry. The author also applied his methods to face tracking for 4D range scans. The results demonstrated the robustness of the registration method and the capabilities of the deformable model. A number of possible directions for future work were pointed out.


XIANG, G. 2012. Automatic 3D facial modelling with deformable models. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Apr 10, 2013
Publicly Available Date Apr 10, 2013
Keywords Registration; Deformable model; Template fitting; Facial expression transferring; Surface reconstruction; Texture reconstruction; Facial expression tracking; Range scans
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