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Freedom of religion and gender equality: inclusive or exclusive?

Stuart, Alison


Alison Stuart


This article critically analyses European jurisprudence to ascertain the extent to which the right to freedom of religion has been interpreted as a right of religion to internal autonomy. It asserts that women are being denied an effective right to freedom of religion insofar as they are unable to directly influence the content or structure of their religion. It argues that to fulfil women's equal right to freedom of religion, women's power and position within religion must be equivalent to men's. The article therefore asserts that an intrinsic part of States' obligation to secure the right to freedom of religion is the facilitation of gender equality within religion. The article ends by proposing proportionate and appropriate methods to facilitate gender equality within religion.


STUART, A. 2010. Freedom of religion and gender equality: inclusive or exclusive? Human rights law review [online], 10(3), pages 429-459. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 7, 2010
Online Publication Date Jul 7, 2010
Publication Date Sep 30, 2010
Deposit Date Aug 14, 2013
Publicly Available Date Aug 14, 2013
Journal Human rights law review
Print ISSN 1461-7781
Electronic ISSN 1744-1021
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 3
Pages 429-459
Public URL


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