Julian M. Bass
Changing computing curricula in African universities: evaluating progress and challenges via design-reality gap analysis.
Bass, Julian M.; Heeks, Richard
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are diffusing rapidly into all African nations. Effective use of the new technology requires a step-change in local skill levels; including a step-change in ICT-related university education. Part of that process must be an updating of university computing curricula, ranging from computer science through to information systems. Adoption of international curricula offers a ready means for updating, but African universities face challenges of implementing these curricula “ curricula that were typically designed for Western rather than African realities. To help understand the issues surrounding implementation of international computing curricula in Africa, we selected a case example: Ethiopian higher education. Using the design-reality gap model and its 'OPTIMISM' checklist of dimensions, we analysed what ensued following its 2008 decision to adopt a new IEEE/ACM-inspired computing curriculum. We find that significant progress has been made, but that important gaps between design and reality “ and, hence, challenges “ remain. We are therefore able to identify specific actions along particular dimensions such as technology and skills that will help close design-reality gaps, and secure greater implementation. We propose that this analysis method will prove a valuable strategic tool for computing curriculum reform in other African nations.
BASS, J.M. and HEEKS, R. 2011. Changing computing curricula in African universities: evaluating progress and challenges via design-reality gap analysis. Electronic journal of information systems in developing countries [online], 48(1), article 5. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1681-4835.2011.tb00341.x
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 31, 2011|
|Online Publication Date||Aug 31, 2011|
|Publication Date||Aug 31, 2011|
|Deposit Date||Sep 3, 2014|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 3, 2014|
|Journal||Electronic journal of information systems in developing countries|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Higher education; Computing curricula; Design reality gap; Africa|
BASS 2011 Changing computing curricula
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