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A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Nikokavoura, Efsevia Anastasia

Authors

Efsevia Anastasia Nikokavoura



Contributors

Wendy L. Wrieden
Supervisor

Iain Broom
Supervisor

Catherine Rolland
Supervisor

John G. Love
Supervisor

Abstract

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is variously reported to affect between 5-26 % of reproductive-age women in the UK, and it accounts for up to to 75% of women attending fertility clinics due to anovulation. The major symptoms include ovarian disruption, hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance and polycystic ovaries. Interestingly, at least half of the women with PCOS are obese, with the excess weight playing a pathogenic role in the development and/or progress of the syndrome. In addition, PCOS is associated with negative psycho-social symptoms and overall a poorer quality of life. Despite the increasing prevalence of PCOS, there is still a lack of consensus over the diagnostic criteria, and large-scale, well-planned trials are limited. The first-line treatment option for overweight/obese women with PCOS is diet and lifestyle interventions; however, optimal dietary guidelines are missing. Although a number of different dietary approaches have been investigated, data on the efficacy of very low calorie diets (VLCDs) on PCOS are still lacking, and further investigations both in the short- and longer-term data are needed. The aim of this project is to investigate how overweight/obese women with PCOS respond to a commercial VLCD in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions, as compared to overweight/obese women without PCOS. Weight loss was achieved via a VLCD with an average intake of 630 kcal (57g protein, 57g carbohydrate, 18g fat, 16g fibre, and ≥ 100% recommended daily allowances (RDA) for vitamins and minerals). Data from women recruited into LighterLife Total from 2006 to 2011 were analysed at baseline, twelve weeks and one year. The baseline analysis from the overweight/obese female participants revealed significant differences in anthropometric parameters between women with- and without PCOS. Women with PCOS were younger (34.5 ± 8.2 versus 41.8 ± 11.3, p < 0.001), had greater body weight (105.7 ± 19.3 versus 97.8 ± 17.0, p < 0.001), BMI (39.01 ± 6.6 versus 36.4 ± 5.8, p < 0.001 and waist circumference (115.9 ± 15.0 versus 109.9 ± 12.9, p < 0.001). A subset of these participants was matched for age and BMI, and their analysis showed no significant differences at weight change at either twelve weeks or one year. In more detail, a completers analysis after 12 weeks of VLCD showed that the total weight change did not differ significantly between the PCOS group (n = 137) and the non-PCOS group (n = 137) (-10.4kg ± 10.6 versus -10.4kg ± 10.4, p = 0.938), and additionally the percentage of weight loss achieved by PCOS women was 17.1% ± 5.6, versus 18.2% ± 4.4 by the non PCOS group (p = 0.08). Also, there were no differences after one year in weight (94.2 ± 19.9, n = 41, versus 90.3 ± 27.6, n = 35, p = 0.476) and in BMI (33.4 ± 8.5, n = 41, versus 35.2 ± 7.6, n = 35, p = 0.476). Moreover, the percentage of weight loss achieved by PCOS women at one year was similar to the one achieved by the non-PCOS women (-15.6% ± 15.6 versus -12.4% ± 13.3, p = 0.35). Overall, it appears that this commercial VLCD - alongside behavioural therapy - can be an effective strategy for achieving weight reduction in cases of excess weight in women with PCOS. However, further investigations are needed to achieve a thorough understanding the physiology of weight loss in PCOS via a VLCD approach.

Citation

NIKOKAVOURA, E.A. 2014. A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Robert Gordon University, MRes thesis.

Thesis Type Thesis
Publication Date Nov 1, 2014
Deposit Date Jan 28, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jan 28, 2015
Keywords Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); Very low calorie diet (VLCD); Lifestyle; Weight; Fertility; Women; Behavioural; Obesity
Public URL http://hdl.handle.net/10059/1132

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