Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Saudi Arabian aviation construction projects: identification of risks and their consequences.

Baghdadi, Ahmad; Kishk, Mohammed


Ahmad Baghdadi

Mohammed Kishk


Mikl�s Hajdu

Miros?aw J. Skibniewski


Airport projects are considered to be very complex, as they face a number of challenges which inevitably expose them to risks. In Saudi Arabia, the aviation sector is considered an important sector due to the fact that Saudi Arabia is the first destination for Muslims on an annual basis. As a result, the Saudi government has allocated a significant amount of its general budget to this sector through the General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA). However, it has been found that these projects are still delivered with a significant number of time and cost overruns. These consequences are typically generated from the risks involved in the projects. Thus, the aim of this paper was twofold: first, to identify risks associated with aviation construction projects in Saudi Arabia and, second, to evaluate the consequences of these risks on a number of GACA projects. Critical literature reviews of common risks associated with aviation projects have been carried out. These were followed by 13 semi-structured interviews with expert project managers, including clients, contractors and consultants who have been involved in GACA projects. As a result, 54 new risks have been identified and classified into three levels: internal, external and force majeure. Results have confirmed the existence of time and cost overruns for GACA projects. The significance of the identified risks is currently being assessed and will be reported in a further paper.


BAGHDADI, A. and KISHK, M. 2015. Saudi Arabian aviation construction projects: identification of risks and their consequences. In Hajdu, M. and Skibniewski, M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2015 Creative construction conference (CCC2015), 21-24 June 2015, Krakow, Poland. Budapest: Diamond Congress [online], pages 154-159. Available from:

Conference Name 2015 Creative construction conference (CCC2015)
Conference Location Krakow, Poland
Start Date Jun 21, 2015
End Date Jun 24, 2015
Acceptance Date Jun 21, 2015
Online Publication Date Jun 21, 2015
Publication Date Dec 31, 2015
Deposit Date Sep 14, 2015
Publicly Available Date Sep 14, 2015
Publisher Diamond Congress
Pages 154-159
Keywords Aviation construction projects; GACA; Risks; Risk management; Saudi Arabia
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations