GPR55 deficiency is associated with increased adiposity and impaired insulin signaling in peripheral metabolic tissues.
Lipina, Christopher; Walsh, Sarah K.; Mitchell, Sharon E.; Speakman, John R.; Wainwright, Cherry L.; Hundal, Harinder S.
Sarah K. Walsh
Sharon E. Mitchell
John R. Speakman
Professor Cherry Wainwright email@example.com
Harinder S. Hundal
Emerging evidence indicates that G-protein coupled receptor 55 (GPR55), a nonclassic receptor of the endocannabinoid system that is activated by L-α-lysophosphatidylinositol and various cannabinoid ligands, may regulate endocrine function and energy metabolism. We examined how GPR55 deficiency and modulation affects insulin signaling in skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, and liver alongside expression analysis of proteins implicated in insulin action and energy metabolism. We show that GPR55-null mice display decreased insulin sensitivity in these tissues, as evidenced by reduced phosphorylation of PKB/Akt and its downstream targets, concomitant with increased adiposity and reduced physical activity relative to wild-type counterparts. Impaired tissue insulin sensitivity coincided with reduced insulin receptor substrate-1 abundance in skeletal muscle, whereas in liver and epididymal fat it was associated with increased expression of the 3-phosphoinoistide lipid phosphatase, phosphatase and tensin homolog. In contrast, GPR55 activation enhanced insulin signaling in cultured skeletal muscle cells, adipocytes, and hepatocytes; this response was negated by receptor antagonists and GPR55 gene silencing in L6 myotubes. Sustained GPR55 antagonism in 3T3-L1 adipocytes enhanced expression of proteins implicated in lipogenesis and promoted triglyceride accumulation. Our findings identify GPR55 as a positive regulator of insulin action and adipogenesis and as a potential therapeutic target for countering obesity-induced metabolic dysfunction and insulin resistance.
LIPINA, C., WALSH, S.K., MITCHELL, S.E., SPEAKMAN, J.R., WAINWRIGHT, C.L. and HUNDAL, H.S. 2019. GPR55 deficiency is associated with increased adiposity and impaired insulin signaling in peripheral metabolic tissues. FASEB journal [online], 33(1), pages 1299-1312. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.201800171R
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jul 26, 2018|
|Online Publication Date||Aug 27, 2018|
|Publication Date||Jan 1, 2019|
|Deposit Date||Sep 25, 2018|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 25, 2018|
|Publisher||Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Endocannabinoid; Cannabinoid receptor; Skeletal muscle; Liver; Adipogenesis|
LIPINA 2018 GPR55 deficiency
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