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Pharmacist services for non-hospitalised patients.

Barra, Mícheál de; Scott, Claire L.; Scott, Neil W.; Johnston, Marie; Bruin, Marijn de; Nkansah, Nancy; Bond, Christine M.; Matheson, Catriona I.; Rackow, Pamela; Williams, A. Jess; Watson, Margaret C.


Mícheál de Barra

Claire L. Scott

Neil W. Scott

Marie Johnston

Marijn de Bruin

Nancy Nkansah

Christine M. Bond

Catriona I. Matheson

Pamela Rackow

A. Jess Williams

Margaret C. Watson


Background: This review focuses on non-dispensing services from pharmacists, i.e . pharmacists in community, primary or ambulatory-care settings, to non-hospitalised patients, and is an update of a previously-published Cochrane Review. Objectives: To examine the effect of pharmacists' non-dispensing services on non-hospitalised patient outcomes. Search methods: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, two other databases and two trial registers in March 2015, together with reference checking and contact with study authors to identify additional studies. We included non-English language publications. We ran top-up searches in January 2018 and have added potentially eligible studies to 'Studies awaiting classification'. Selection criteria: Randomised trials of pharmacist services compared with the delivery of usual care or equivalent/similar services with the same objective delivered by other health professionals. Data collection and analysis: We used standard methodological procedures of Cochrane and the Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group. Two review authors independently checked studies for inclusion, extracted data and assessed risks of bias. We evaluated the overall certainty of evidence using GRADE.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 4, 2018
Journal Cochrane database of systematic reviews
Electronic ISSN 1361-6137
Publisher Cochrane Collaboration
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Issue 9
Article Number CD013102
Institution Citation DE BARRA, M., SCOTT, C.L., SCOTT, N.W., JOHNSTON, M., DE BRUIN, M., NKANSAH, N., BOND, C.M., MATHESON, C.I., RACKOW, P., WILLIAMS, A.J. and WATSON, M.C. 2018. Pharmacist services for non-hospitalised patients. Cochrane database of systematic reviews [online], Issue 9, Article CD013102. Available from:
Keywords Nondispensing services; Pharmacists; Community pharmacists; Patient health; Hospital; Positive effects; Healthcare professionals


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