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Citizen journalism: an analysis of news representation in the coverage of

Rai, Nareshchandra; Pedersen, Sarah; Smith, Fiona


Nareshchandra Rai


This article analyses the discussion of nationality and ethnicity on a Bhutanese citizen journalism site which is particularly used by members of the Lhotshampa ethnic group. Many of the citizen journalists are based outside Bhutan, either in refugee camps in Nepal or as part of a worldwide diaspora. Writers on the site tackle issues relating to a nation, people, culture, and history, particularly that of Bhutan and the Bhutanese people. By criticizing accepted sources and the mainstream media and re-interpreting Bhutanese history, this group of citizen journalists works to assert the Lhotshampa people as rightful citizens of Bhutan and to re-identify other ethnic groups in power in Bhutan as migrants. Bhutan is argued to be a country where all peoples are migrants, and at the same time, diasporic writers remind their readers of why they left Bhutan and look to a better future in their new countries.


RAI, N., PEDERSEN, S. and SMITH, F. 2019. Citizen journalism: an analysis of news representation in the coverage of Journal of communication: media watch [online], 10(2), pages 294-308. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 5, 2019
Online Publication Date May 18, 2019
Publication Date May 31, 2019
Deposit Date Jul 9, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jul 9, 2019
Journal Journal of communication: media watch
Print ISSN 0976-0911
Electronic ISSN 2249-8818
Publisher Media Watch
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 2
Pages 294-308
Keywords Citizen journalism; Refugees; Bhutan; Articles; Lhotshampa; SAARC countries
Public URL


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