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Acorn: developing full-chain industrial carbon capture and storage in a resource- and infrastructure-rich hydrocarbon province.

Alcalde, Juan; Heinemann, Niklas; Mabon, Leslie; Worden, Richard H.; de Coninck, Heleen; Robertson, Hazel; Maver, Marko; Ghanbari, Saeed; Swennenhuis, Floris; Mann, Indira; Walker, Tiana; Gomersal, Sam; Bond, Clare E.; Allen, Michael J.; Haszeldine, R. Stuart; James, Alan; Mackay, Eric J.; Brownsort, Peter A.; Faulkner, Daniel R.; Murphy, Steve


Juan Alcalde

Niklas Heinemann

Leslie Mabon

Richard H. Worden

Heleen de Coninck

Hazel Robertson

Marko Maver

Saeed Ghanbari

Floris Swennenhuis

Indira Mann

Tiana Walker

Sam Gomersal

Clare E. Bond

Michael J. Allen

R. Stuart Haszeldine

Alan James

Eric J. Mackay

Peter A. Brownsort

Daniel R. Faulkner

Steve Murphy


Research to date has identified cost and lack of support from stakeholders as two key barriers to the development of a carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) industry that is capable of effectively mitigating climate change. This paper responds to these challenges through systematic evaluation of the research and development process for the Acorn CCS project, a project designed to develop a scalable, full-chain CCS project on the north-east coast of the UK. Through assessment of Acorn's publicly-available outputs, we identify strategies which may help to enhance the viability of early-stage CCS projects. Initial capital costs can be minimised by infrastructure re-use, particularly pipelines, and by re-use of data describing the subsurface acquired during oil and gas exploration activity. Also, development of the project in separate stages of activity (e.g. different phases of infrastructure re-use and investment into new infrastructure) enables cost reduction for future build-out phases. Additionally, engagement of regional-level policy makers may help to build stakeholder support by situating CCS within regional decarbonisation narratives. We argue that these insights may be translated to general objectives for any CCS project sharing similar characteristics such as legacy infrastructure, industrial clusters and an involved stakeholder-base that is engaged with the fossil fuel industry.


ALCALDE, J., HEINEMANN, N., MABON, L., WORDEN, R.H., DE CONINCK, H., ROBERTSON, H., MAVER, M., GHANBARI, S., SWENNENHUIS, F., MANN, I., WALKER, T., GOMERSAL, S., BOND, C.E., ALLEN, M.J., HASZELDINE, R.S., JAMES, A., MACKAY, E.J., BROWNSORT, P.A., FAULKNER, D.R. and MURPHY, S. 2019. Acorn: developing full-chain industrial carbon capture and storage in a resource- and infrastructure-rich hydrocarbon province. Journal of cleaner production [online], 233, pages 963-971. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 9, 2019
Online Publication Date Jun 13, 2019
Publication Date Oct 1, 2019
Deposit Date Jul 15, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jun 14, 2020
Journal Journal of cleaner production
Print ISSN 0959-6526
Electronic ISSN 1879-1786
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 233
Pages 963-971
Keywords Carbon capture and storage; Infrastructure re-use; Stakeholder engagement; Just transition; Full-chain CCS; Cost-reduction
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