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Optimal distributed generation in green building assessment towards line loss reduction for Malaysian public hospital.

Amran, Mohd Effendi; Muhtazaruddin, Mohd Nabil; Bani, Nurul Aini; Kaidi, Hazilah Mad; Hassan, Mohamad Zaki; Sarip, Shamsul; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus


Mohd Effendi Amran

Mohd Nabil Muhtazaruddin

Nurul Aini Bani

Hazilah Mad Kaidi

Mohamad Zaki Hassan

Shamsul Sarip

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki


This paper presents an optimization approach for criteria setting of Renewable Distributed Generation (DG) in the Green Building Rating System (GBRS). In this study, the total line loss reduction is analyzed and set as the main objective function in the optimization process which then a reassessment of existing criteria setting for renewable energy (RE) is proposed towards lower loss outcome. Solar photovoltaic (PV)-type DG unit (PV-DG) is identified as the type of DG used in this paper. The proposed PV-DG optimization will improve the sustainable energy performance of the green building by total line losses reduction within accepted lower losses region using Artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm. The distribution network uses bus and line data setup from selected one of each three levels of Malaysian public hospital. MATLAB simulation result shows that the PV-DG expanding capacity towards optimal scale and location provides a better outcome in minimizing total line losses within an appropriate voltage profile as compared to the current setting of PV-DG imposed in selected GBRS. Thus, reassessment of RE parameter setting and the proposed five rankings with new PV-DG setting for public hospital provides technical justification and give the best option to the green building developer for more effective RE integration.


AMRAN, M.E., MUHTAZARUDDIN, M.N., BANI, N.A., KAIDI, H.M., HASSAN, M.Z., SARIP, S. and MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F. 2019. Optimal distributed generation in green building assessment towards line loss reduction for Malaysian public hospital. Bulletin of electrical engineering and informatics [online], 8(4), pages 1180-1188. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 3, 2019
Online Publication Date Jul 31, 2019
Publication Date Dec 31, 2019
Deposit Date Aug 9, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 9, 2019
Journal Bulletin of electrical engineering and informatics
Print ISSN 2089-3191
Electronic ISSN 2302-9285
Publisher Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 4
Pages 1180-1188
Keywords Artificial bee colony (ABC); Distributed Generation (DG); Green building rating system (GBRS); Maximum demand (MD); Photovoltaic-type DG (PV-DG); Renewable energy (RE)
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