Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Minimum aperture transit in healthy adults of different size to predict egress capability.

Stewart, Arthur; Nevill, Alan; Johnson, Christopher

Authors

Alan Nevill

Christopher Johnson



Contributors

R. Charles
Editor

D. Golightly
Editor

Abstract

Minimum aperture dimensions have traditionally been considered from an industrial perspective for facilitating safe confined-space working or emergency exit from transportation. However, secular trends for increased typical body size resulting from global obesity mean that clearance space is becoming diminished, and calls into question whether traditional assumptions of space provision are still appropriate. Although this observation has potentially far-reaching consequences for evacuation planning and safe work practices, no current literature describes the minimum frame apertures adults can successfully negotiate. As a result, this study aimed to determine minimum egress apertures in healthy adults of different body size. Forty-eight men and 40 women were recruited from the general public and university manual and academic staff and students. Each underwent anthropometric and 3D scanning assessments from which anatomical dimensions were extracted. A simulated egress task was performed by manipulating an adjustable frame vertically over participants, which was progressively narrowed until individuals failed to pass. Minimum transit aperture was predicted from anatomical variables using backwards elimination egression. This was best predicted from depth and bideltoid breadth, plus gender interactions with bicristal (hip) and bideltoid breadths. Passes and fails, discriminated using binary logistic regression, identified mass as the best predictor of success. Minimum egress apertures relate to body size and can be predicted from anatomical variables, however men and women display differences in egress capability which should be further investigated with a contemporary demographic in order to inform future guidelines and legislative change.

Start Date Apr 29, 2019
Publication Date Sep 8, 2019
Publisher Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors
Book Title Contemporary ergonomics and human factors 2019: proceedings of the Ergonomics and human factors conference 2019 (EHF 2019), 29 April - 1 May 2019, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK.
Institution Citation STEWART, A., NEVILL, A. and JOHNSON, C. 2019. Minimum aperture transit in healthy adults of different size to predict egress capability. In Charles, R. and Golightly, D. (eds) Contemporary ergonomics and human factors 2019: proceedings of the Ergonomics and human factors 2019 (EHF 2019), 29 April - 1 May 2019, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK. Birmingham : CIEHF [online]. Available from: https://publications.er...-egress-capability.html
Keywords Body size; Anthropometric measurements; Aperture transit
Publisher URL https://publications.ergonomics.org.uk/publications/minimum-aperture-transit-in-healthy-adults-of-different-size-to-predict-egress-capability.html

Files





You might also like



Downloadable Citations

;