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Assessing governance challenges of local biodiversity and ecosystem services: barriers identified by the expert community.

Shih, Wan-Yu; Mabon, Leslie; Puppim de Oliveira, Jose A.

Authors

Wan-Yu Shih

Leslie Mabon

Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira



Abstract

This paper assesses barriers to local biodiversity and ecosystem (BES) governance within cities, drawing on findings from an international expert survey encompassing forty-five cities in twenty-five countries. BES is recognised as a key foundation for sustainable cities, yet current literature indicates that more clarity is needed on the factors which may undermine BES initiatives. Survey findings show broad agreement that officials in development sectors have inadequate BES knowledge, budgets for BES are insufficient and planners in the locality lack knowledge about BES. Respondents not working for local governments were more likely to see policy change with administrations, budget limitations and lack of expertise as barriers. Respondents for cities in less-developed countries agreed significantly more that there were harmful cultural activities, and were more concerned that inadequate consideration from governments at different scales and poor internal communication were barriers. Based on the findings, we suggest: (a) a need to evaluate the effectiveness of collaboration both within government and between sectors; (b) the importance of building capacity within local government staff, both in techno-scientific knowledge and in engaging the policy landscape with this knowledge; and (c) the importance of further considering how BES conservation may relate to culturally meaningful practices.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 29, 2020
Journal Land use policy
Print ISSN 0264-8377
Electronic ISSN 1873-5754
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 91
Article Number 104291
Institution Citation SHIH, W.-Y., MABON, L. and PUPPIM DE OLIVEIRA, J.A. 2020. Assessing governance challenges of local biodiversity and ecosystem services: barriers identified by the expert community. Land use policy [online], 91, article ID 104291. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104291
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104291
Keywords Biodiversity; Urban biodiversity; Ecosystems; Urban ecosystems; City governance; Local governance
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