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Mode I fracture toughness of optimized alkali-treated Bambusa Vulgaris bamboo by Box-Behnken design.

Roslan, Siti Amni; Hassan, Mohamad Zaki; Rasid, Zainudin A.; Bani, Nurul Aini; Sarip, Shamsul; Daud, Mohd Yusof Md; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus

Authors

Siti Amni Roslan

Mohamad Zaki Hassan

Zainudin A. Rasid

Nurul Aini Bani

Shamsul Sarip

Mohd Yusof Md Daud

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki



Contributors

Mokhtar Awang
Editor

Seyed Sattar Emamian
Editor

Farazila Yusof
Editor

Abstract

Alkaline treatment is widely being used to treat natural fibres and it improves the fibre surface for better bonding with the polymer matrix. The aim of this study is to optimize the alkaline treatment variables such as sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentration, soaking and drying time that influence the strength of natural fibres, including bamboo. In this study, Box-Behnken design (BBD) of the response surface method was employed to set an experimental parameter of alkaline treatment for the bamboo specimen. In order to investigate the effect of treatment conditions on crack propagation behaviour of the bamboo along the longitudinal direction, Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness (GIC) test was carried out. It can be suggested from the statistical analysis approach (ANOVA) that bamboo treated with 1wt% concentration of NaOH is able to reach fracture toughness value up to 365.86J/m2, which differs by only 0.82% from the experimental finding. It is also shown that all proposed variables for treatment in this study i.e. the concentration of the NaOH is highly significant with the soaking and drying time.

Citation

ROSLAN, S.A., HASSAN, M.Z., RASID, Z.A., BANI, N.A., SARIP, S., DAUD, M.Y.M. and MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F. 2019. Mode I fracture toughness of optimized alkali-treated Bambusa Vulgaris bamboo by Box-Behnken design. In Awang, M., Emamian, S.S. and Yusof, F. (eds.) Advances in material sciences and engineering: selected papers from the proceedings of the 4th international conference on mechanical, manufacturing and plant engineering (ICMMPE 2018), 14-15 November 2018, Melaka, Malaysia. Lecture notes in mechanical engineering. Singapore: Springer [online], pages 565-575. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-8297-0_58

Conference Name 4th international conference on mechanical, manufacturing and plant engineering (ICMMPE 2018)
Conference Location Melaka, Malaysia
Start Date Nov 14, 2018
End Date Nov 15, 2018
Acceptance Date Nov 30, 2018
Online Publication Date Sep 20, 2019
Publication Date Dec 31, 2020
Deposit Date Dec 20, 2019
Publicly Available Date Sep 21, 2020
Publisher Springer
Pages 565-575
Series Title Lecture notes in mechanical engineering
Series ISSN 2195-4364
Book Title Advances in material sciences and engineering
ISBN 9789811382963
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-8297-0_58
Keywords Fracture toughness; Bamboo; Box-Benhken design
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/816843

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