Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface

A comparative analysis of local content policies in the North Sea and the Gulf of Guinea regions.

Obiri, Kwadwo Ayeh; Bjeirmi, Bassam


Kwadwo Ayeh Obiri

Bassam Bjeirmi


Since their introduction in the North Sea, most resource-rich countries in Africa are introducing or reinforcing local content policies (LCPs) and regulations, to propel socio-economic development. Local content is now a prerequisite for granting an exploration licence to international oil companies (IOCs) and suppliers in the Gulf of Guinea region (GGR). This paper analyses and compares factors of success and impediments in LCPs from two perspectives: the North Sea (Norway, UK, and Denmark), and the Gulf of Guinea (Angola, Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia and Equatorial Guinea). Through this, we glean policy lessons for the Gulf of Guinea countries. The study finds that the policy implementation in the GGR is constrained by inadequate infrastructure, industrial base and supplier base, technical and financial capacity of domestic firms and weak regulatory institutions - among other things. Also, the LCP is overly ambitious and prescriptive, ignoring the GGR's actual state of industrial development. To engineer resource-based development in the GGR, these countries must move beyond their preoccupation with local content regulations and instead address the above challenges in order to facilitate the development of better linkages.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 25, 2019
Journal Journal of scientific research and reports
Electronic ISSN 2320-0227
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN International
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Issue 5
Article Number 53413
Institution Citation OBIRI, K.A. and BJEIRMI, B. 2019. A comparative analysis of local content policies in the North Sea and the Gulf of Guinea regions. Journal of scientific research and reports [online], 25(5), article number 53413. Available from:
Keywords Local content policies; Oil and gas industry; North Sea; Gulf of Guinea


Downloadable Citations