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Risk management framework for handling and storage of cargo at major ports in Malaysia towards port sustainability.

Kadir, Zuritah A.; Mohammad, Roslina; Othman, Norazli; Amrin, Astuty; Muhtazaruddin, Mohd Nabil; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus


Zuritah A. Kadir

Roslina Mohammad

Norazli Othman

Astuty Amrin

Mohd Nabil Muhtazaruddin

Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki


Risk management provides an effective method for ensuring safety and preventing accidents towards achieving port sustainability. This article describes a study of the implementation of a risk management framework for handling of cargo at ports. To achieve the study’s objectives, data was collected using a questionnaire and disseminated to port experts at three major ports in Malaysia. The collected data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software and calculated using risk matrix calculations. Based on the calculations, for port A and port B, 42% of risk falls under risk category II and 58% under risk category III. Meanwhile, for Port C, 31% under risk category II and 69% under risk category III. Risk reduction measures should be implemented within a defined period of time (12 months). Additional risk control measures were proposed accordingly. The novelty of the study was an improvement of risk management framework. The risk management framework was proposed with an introduction of risk frequency into risk rating calculation, risk criteria parameter for risk likelihood and risk severity, new risk matrix dimension and instruments to evaluate the existing control measure factor and new risk categories with five levels which provide more details and sustainable risk assessment method.


KADIR, Z.A., MOHAMMAD, R., OTHMAN, N., AMRIN, A., MUHTAZARUDDIN, M.N., ABU-BAKAR, S.H. and MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F. 2020. Risk management framework for handling and storage of cargo at major ports in Malaysia towards port sustainability. Sustainability [online], 12(2), article ID 516. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 7, 2020
Online Publication Date Jan 9, 2020
Publication Date Jan 31, 2020
Deposit Date Jan 14, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jan 14, 2020
Journal Sustainability
Electronic ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 2
Article Number 516
Keywords Port sustainability; Risk management; Safety; Accident; Transport and logistics
Public URL


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