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A system thinking approach to human resource development in the oil industry.

Obiri, Kwadwo Ayeh; Bjeirmi, Bassam; Boateng, Prince


Kwadwo Ayeh Obiri

Prince Boateng


Prerequisite for the development of production linkages in the oil and gas (O&G) industry is the existence of a skilled and experienced workforce. Resource-rich countries, however, are either in short supply or lack of the requisite local capacity. This paper adopts system thinking (ST) methodology to provide a comprehensive approach in identifying, analysing and understanding the interconnections and interrelationship among the variables affecting the challenge of human resource development (HRD) in the oil industry. The concept of feedback embedded in ST allows complex issues to be viewed as an interconnected set of circular relationship rather than the linear cause-and-effect. Consequently, ST tool of causal loop diagram (CLD) aids in visualising the understanding of HRD factors, their relationships in the causal factors and the strategies for sustainable development of domestic skills, know-how and local capacity. Policies for developing human resource in the oil and gas industry are recommended to policymakers and stakeholders.


OBIRI, K.A., BJEIRMI, B. and BOATENG, P. 2020. A system thinking approach to human resource development in the oil industry. Journal of energy research and reviews [online], 4(1), pages 39-49. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 25, 2020
Online Publication Date Feb 1, 2020
Publication Date Apr 30, 2020
Deposit Date Feb 5, 2020
Publicly Available Date Feb 5, 2020
Journal Journal of Energy Research and Reviews
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN International
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 1
Pages 39-49
Keywords System thinking; Human resource development; Oil and gas; Local content policy
Public URL


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