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Effects of urban morphology on microclimate parameters in an urban university campus.

Zaki, Sheikh Ahmad; Othman, Nurnida Elmira; Syahidah, Siti Wan; Yakub, Fitri; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Ardila-Rey, Jorge Alfredo; Shahidan, Mohd Fairuz; Saudi, Ahmad Shakir Mohd

Authors

Sheikh Ahmad Zaki

Nurnida Elmira Othman

Siti Wan Syahidah

Fitri Yakub

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki

Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey

Mohd Fairuz Shahidan

Ahmad Shakir Mohd Saudi



Abstract

This study investigated the effects of urban morphology on microclimate parameters in an urban university campus in Malaysia. Outdoor air temperatures (Tout) were recorded at eight different locations inside the campus for seven days. The study used three urban morphological parameters such as green cover ratio, height-to-width (H/W) ratio, and sky view factor (SVF). The relationship between urban morphological parameters and Tout obtained from in situ measurements was investigated. The results showed that, at a dense green cover ratio of 22% in a 7833 m2 area where the H/W ratio was 0.2, Tout was reduced by about 1% due to a long building shadow cover (12 h) and a high range of SVF (from 0.61 to 0.68). The use of geographic information system (GIS) to generate the spatial data of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Campus (UTMKL), morphological features and in situ Tout distributions provided useful information of Tout variations, and proved the applicability of GIS as a useful tool in smart city urban planning.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 30, 2020
Journal Sustainability
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 7
Article Number 2962
Institution Citation ZAKI, S.A., OTHMAN, N.E., SYAHIDAH, S.W., YAKUB, F., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., ARDILA-REY, J.A., SHAHIDAN, M.F. and SAUDI, A.S.M. 2020. Effects of urban morphology on microclimate parameters in an urban university campus. Sustainability [online], 12(7), article ID 2962. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072962
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072962
Keywords Urban microclimate; Urban morphology; GIS; Field measurement; University campus; Thermal environment; Air temperature; Green cover ratio

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