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Citric acid crosslinked natural bi-polymer-based composite hydrogels: effect of polymer ratio and beta-cyclodextrin on hydrogel microstructure.

Uyanga, Kindness A.; Okpozo, Oghenefego P.; Onyekwere, Okwuchi S.; Daoud, Walid A.

Authors

Kindness A. Uyanga

Okwuchi S. Onyekwere

Walid A. Daoud



Abstract

Composite hydrogels based on natural polymers arouse interest as sustainable matrices for the delivery of bioactive materials. This study investigates the possibility of achieving high thermally and hydrolytically stable, well-defined microstructure bi-polymer composite hydrogels using only natural materials at a low energy process. Firstly, citric acid (CA) crosslinked hybrid hydrogel matrices are developed by varying mole ratio of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) to chitosan (CSN) by 1:1, 1:2 and 2:1. Then, hydrolytic, thermal and structural properties of the matrices are studied to determine microstructure. Lastly, the matrices are functionalized with beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD), and the effect of β-CD on hydrogels' microstructure and antibacterial activity is examined. Optimum microstructure is found at CMC:CSN=1:1 for CMC~CA~CSN with a gel fraction of 63%, which increases to 82% when reinforced with β-CD. Interestingly, CMC~CA~2CSN exhibits a combination of good crosslinking, super-absorbency (1229.7% water absorbency and 2200% swelling) yet enhanced hydrolytic stability (84.7% gel fraction). Complexation with β-CD propagates the growth of Gram-positive bacterium, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032. Overall, CMC~CA~CSN~β-CD is considered as a green, crystalline, thermally and hydrolytically stable composite hydrogel matrix.

Citation

UYANGA, K. A., OKPOZO, O. P., ONYEKWERE, O. S., and DAOUD, W. A. 2020. Citric acid crosslinked natural bi-polymer-based composite hydrogels: effect of polymer ratio and beta-cyclodextrin on hydrogel microstructure. Reactive and functional polymers [online], 154, article ID 104682. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2020.104682

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 25, 2020
Online Publication Date Jun 30, 2020
Publication Date Sep 30, 2020
Deposit Date Jul 31, 2020
Publicly Available Date Dec 31, 2021
Journal Reactive and functional polymers
Print ISSN 1381-5148
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 154
Article Number 104682
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2020.104682
Keywords Carboxymethyl cellulose; Chitosan; Hydrogel; Beta-cyclodextrin; Environmental sustainability
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/943996

Files

This file is under embargo until Dec 31, 2021 due to copyright reasons.

Contact publications@rgu.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.




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