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Towards explainable metaheuristics: PCA for trajectory mining in evolutionary algorithms. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
FYVIE, M., MCCALL, J.A.W. and CHRISTIE, L.A. [2021]. Towards explainable metaheuristics: PCA for trajectory mining in evolutionary algorithms. To be presented at 41st British Computer Society's Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI) Artificial intelligence international conference 2021 (AI-2021), 14-16 December 2021, [virtual conference].

The generation of explanations regarding decisions made by population-based meta-heuristics is often a difficult task due to the nature of the mechanisms employed by these approaches. With the increase in use of these methods for optimisation in indu... Read More about Towards explainable metaheuristics: PCA for trajectory mining in evolutionary algorithms..

Optimising the introduction of connected and autonomous vehicles in a public transport system using macro-level mobility simulations and evolutionary algorithms. (2021)
Presentation / Conference
HAN, K., CHRISTIE, L.A., ZĂVOIANU, A.-C. and MCCALL, J. 2021. Optimising the introduction of connected and autonomous vehicles in a public transport system using macro-level mobility simulations and evolutionary algorithms. Presented at 2021 Genetic and evolutionary computation conference (GECCO 2021), 10-14 July 2021, [virtual conference].

The past five years have seen a rapid development of plans and test pilots aimed at introducing connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) in public transport systems around the world. Using a real-world scenario from the Leeds Metropolitan Area as a c... Read More about Optimising the introduction of connected and autonomous vehicles in a public transport system using macro-level mobility simulations and evolutionary algorithms..

Towards the landscape rotation as a perturbation strategy on the quadratic assignment problem. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
ALZA, J., BARTLETT, M., CEBERIO, J. and MCCALL, J. 2021. Towards the landscape rotation as a perturbation strategy on the quadratic assignment problem. In Chicano, F. (ed.) GECCO '21: proceedings of 2021 Genetic and evolutionary computation conference companion, 10-14 July 2021, [virtual conference]. New York: ACM [online], pages 1405-1413. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3449726.3463139

Recent work in combinatorial optimisation have demonstrated that neighbouring solutions of a local optima may belong to more favourable attraction basins. In this sense, the perturbation strategy plays a critical role on local search based algorithms... Read More about Towards the landscape rotation as a perturbation strategy on the quadratic assignment problem..

Landscape features and automated algorithm selection for multi-objective interpolated continuous optimisation problems. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
LIEFOOGHE, A., VEREL, S., LACROIX, B., ZĂVOIANU, A.-C. and MCCALL, J. 2021. Landscape features and automated algorithm selection for multi-objective interpolated continuous optimisation problems. In Chicano, F. (ed) Proceedings of 2021 Genetic and evolutionary computation conference (GECCO 2021), 10-14 July 2021, [virtual conference]. New York: ACM [online], pages 421-429. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3449639.3459353

In this paper, we demonstrate the application of features from landscape analysis, initially proposed for multi-objective combinatorial optimisation, to a benchmark set of 1 200 randomly-generated multiobjective interpolated continuous optimisation p... Read More about Landscape features and automated algorithm selection for multi-objective interpolated continuous optimisation problems..

Non-deterministic solvers and explainable AI through trajectory mining. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
FYVIE, M., MCCALL, J.A.W. and CHRISTIE, L.A. 2021. Non-deterministic solvers and explainable AI through trajectory mining. In Martin, K., Wiratunga, N. and Wijekoon, A. (eds.) SICSA XAI workshop 2021: proceedings of 2021 SICSA (Scottish Informatics and Computer Science Alliance) eXplainable artificial intelligence workshop (SICSA XAI 2021), 1st June 2021, [virtual conference]. CEUR workshop proceedings, 2894. Aachen: CEUR-WS [online], session 4, pages 75-78. Available from: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2894/poster2.pdf

Traditional methods of creating explanations from complex systems involving the use of AI have resulted in a wide variety of tools available to users to generate explanations regarding algorithm and network designs. This however has traditionally bee... Read More about Non-deterministic solvers and explainable AI through trajectory mining..

VEGAS: a variable length-based genetic algorithm for ensemble selection in deep ensemble learning. (2021)
Conference Proceeding
HAN, K., PHAM, T., VU, T.H., DANG, T., MCCALL, J. and NGUYEN, T.T. 2021. VEGAS: a variable length-based genetic algorithm for ensemble selection in deep ensemble learning. In Nguyen, N.T., Chittayasothorn, S., Niyato, D. and Trawiński, B. (eds.) Intelligent information and database systems: proceedings of the 13th Asian conference on intelligent information and database systems 2021 (ACCIIDS 2021), 7-10 April 2021, [virtual conference]. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 12672. Cham: Springer [online], pages 168–180. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73280-6_14

In this study, we introduce an ensemble selection method for deep ensemble systems called VEGAS. The deep ensemble models include multiple layers of the ensemble of classifiers (EoC). At each layer, we train the EoC and generates training data for th... Read More about VEGAS: a variable length-based genetic algorithm for ensemble selection in deep ensemble learning..

Ensemble-based relationship discovery in relational databases. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
OGUNSEMI, A., MCCALL, J., KERN, M., LACROIX, B., CORSAR, D. and OWUSU, G. 2020. Ensemble-based relationship discovery in relational databases. In Bramer, M. and Ellis, R. (eds.) Artificial intelligence XXXVII: proceedings of 40th British Computer Society's Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI) Artificial intelligence international conference 2020 (AI-2020), 15-17 December 2020, [virtual conference]. Lecture notes in artificial intelligence, 12498. Cham: Springer [online], pages 286-300. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63799-6_22

We performed an investigation of how several data relationship discovery algorithms can be combined to improve performance. We investigated eight relationship discovery algorithms like Cosine similarity, Soundex similarity, Name similarity, Value ran... Read More about Ensemble-based relationship discovery in relational databases..

A homogeneous-heterogeneous ensemble of classifiers. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
LUONG, A.V., VU, T.H., NGUYEN, P.M., VAN PHAM, N., MCCALL, J., LIEW, A.W.-C. and NGUYEN, T.T. 2020. A homogeneous-heterogeneous ensemble of classifiers. In Yang, H., Pasupa, K., Leung, A.C.-S., Kwok, J.T., Chan, J.H. and King, I. (eds.) Neural information processing: proceedings of 27th International conference on neural information processing 2020 (ICONIP 2020), part 5. Communications in computer and information science, 1333. Cham: Springer [online], pages, 251-259. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63823-8_30

In this study, we introduce an ensemble system by combining homogeneous ensemble and heterogeneous ensemble into a single framework. Based on the observation that the projected data is significantly different from the original data as well as each ot... Read More about A homogeneous-heterogeneous ensemble of classifiers..

Toward an ensemble of object detectors. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
DANG, T., NGUYEN, T.T. and MCCALL, J. 2020. Toward an ensemble of object detectors. In Yang, H., Pasupa, K., Leung, A.C.-S., Kwok, J.T., Chan, J.H. and King, I. (eds.) Neural information processing: proceedings of 27th International conference on neural information processing 2020 (ICONIP 2020), part 5. Communications in computer and information science, 1333. Cham: Springer [online], pages, 458-467. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63823-8_53

The field of object detection has witnessed great strides in recent years. With the wave of deep neural networks (DNN), many breakthroughs have achieved for the problems of object detection which previously were thought to be difficult. However, ther... Read More about Toward an ensemble of object detectors..

Detecting malicious signal manipulation in smart grids using intelligent analysis of contextual data. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
MAJDANI, F., BATIK, L., PETROVSKI, A. and PETROVSKI, S. 2020. Detecting malicious signal manipulation in smart grids using intelligent analysis of contextual data. In Proceedings of the 13th Security of information and networks international conference 2020 (SIN 2020), 4-7 November 2020, Merkez, Turkey. New York: ACM [online], article number 4, pages 1-8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3433174.3433613

This paper looks at potential vulnerabilities of the Smart Grid energy infrastructure to data injection cyber-attacks and the means of addressing these vulnerabilities through intelligent data analysis. Efforts are being made by multiple groups to pr... Read More about Detecting malicious signal manipulation in smart grids using intelligent analysis of contextual data..

Detection of false command and response injection attacks for cyber physical systems security and resilience. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
EKE, H., PETROVSKI, A. and AHRIZ, H. 2020. Detection of false command and response injection attacks for cyber physical systems security and resilience. In Proceedings of the 13th Security of information and networks international conference 2020 (SIN 2020), 4-7 November 2020, Merkez, Turkey. New York: ACM [online], article number 10, pages 1-8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1145/3433174.3433615

The operational cyber-physical system (CPS) state, safety and resource availability is impacted by the safety and security measures in place. This paper focused on i) command injection (CI) attack that alters the system behaviour through injection of... Read More about Detection of false command and response injection attacks for cyber physical systems security and resilience..

Heterogeneous ensemble selection for evolving data streams. [Dataset] (2020)
Dataset
LUONG, A.V., NGUYEN, T.T., LIEW, A.W.-C. and WANG, S. 2021. Heterogeneous ensemble selection for evolving data streams. [Dataset]. Pattern recognition [online], 112, article ID 107743. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003132032030546X#sec0023

Ensemble learning has been widely applied to both batch data classification and streaming data classification. For the latter setting, most existing ensemble systems are homogenous, which means they are generated from only one type of learning model.... Read More about Heterogeneous ensemble selection for evolving data streams. [Dataset].

Heterogeneous ensemble selection for evolving data streams. (2020)
Journal Article
LUONG, A.V., NGUYEN, T.T., LIEW, A.W.-C. and WANG, S. 2021. Heterogeneous ensemble selection for evolving data streams. Pattern recognition [online], 112, article ID 107743. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.patcog.2020.107743

Ensemble learning has been widely applied to both batch data classification and streaming data classification. For the latter setting, most existing ensemble systems are homogenous, which means they are generated from only one type of learning model.... Read More about Heterogeneous ensemble selection for evolving data streams..

A soft-computing framework for automated optimization of multiple product quality criteria with application to micro-fluidic chip production. (2020)
Journal Article
ZĂVOIANU, A.-C., LUGHOFER, E., POLLAK, R., EITZINGER, C. and RADAUER, T. 2021. A soft-computing framework for automated optimization of multiple product quality criteria with application to micro-fluidic chip production. Applied soft computing [online], 98, article ID 106827. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2020.106827

We describe a general strategy for optimizing the quality of products of industrial batch processes that comprise multiple production stages. We focus on the particularities of applying this strategy in the field of micro-fluidic chip production. Our... Read More about A soft-computing framework for automated optimization of multiple product quality criteria with application to micro-fluidic chip production..

Comparative run-time performance of evolutionary algorithms on multi-objective interpolated continuous optimisation problems. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
ZĂVOIANU, A.-C., LACROIX, B. and MCCALL, J. 2020. Comparative run-time performance of evolutionary algorithms on multi-objective interpolated continuous optimisation problems. In Bäck, T., Preuss, M., Deutz, A., Wang, H., Doerr, C., Emmerich, M. and Trautmann, H. (eds.) Parallel problem solving from nature: PPSN XVI: proceedings of the 16th Parallel problem solving from nature international conference (PPSN 2020), 5-9 September 2020, Leiden, The Netherlands. Lecture notes in computer science, 12269. Cham; Springer, part 1, pages 287-300. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58112-1_20

We propose a new class of multi-objective benchmark problems on which we analyse the performance of four well established multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs) – each implementing a different search paradigm – by comparing run-time converge... Read More about Comparative run-time performance of evolutionary algorithms on multi-objective interpolated continuous optimisation problems..

Critical analysis of the suitability of surrogate models for finite element method application in catalog-based suspension bushing design. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
CERNUDA, C., LLAVORI, I., ZĂVOIANU, A.-C., AGUIRRE, A., ZABALA, A. and PLAZA, J. 2020. Critical analysis of the suitability of surrogate models for finite element method application in catalog-based suspension bushing design. In Proceedings of 25th Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Emerging technologies and factory automation international conference 2020 (ETFA 2020), 8-11 September 2020, Vienna, Austria. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9212166, pages 829-836. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/ETFA46521.2020.9212166

This work presents a critical analysis of the suitability of surrogate models for finite element method application. A case study of a finite element method (FEM) structural problem was selected in order to test the performance of surrogate algorithm... Read More about Critical analysis of the suitability of surrogate models for finite element method application in catalog-based suspension bushing design..

Decentralized combinatorial optimization. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
CHRISTIE, L.A. 2020. Decentralized combinatorial optimization. In Bäck, T., Preuss, M., Deutz, A., Wang, H., Doerr, C., Emmerich, M. and Trautmann, H. (eds.) Parallel problem solving from nature: PPSN XVI: proceedings of the 16th Parallel problem solving from nature international conference (PPSN 2020), 5-9 September 2020, Leiden, Netherlands. Theoretical computer science and general issues, 12269. Cham; Springer, pages 360-372. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58112-1_25

Combinatorial optimization is a widely-studied class of computational problems with many theoretical and real-world applications. Optimization problems are typically tackled using hardware and software controlled by the user. Optimization can be comp... Read More about Decentralized combinatorial optimization..

Handling minority class problem in threats detection based on heterogeneous ensemble learning approach. (2020)
Journal Article
EKE, H., PETROVSKI, A. and AHRIZ, H. 2020. Handling minority class problem in threats detection based on heterogeneous ensemble learning approach. International journal of systems and software security and protection [online], 13(3), pages 13-37. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4018/IJSSSP.2020070102

Multiclass problem, such as detecting multi-steps behaviour of Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) have been a major global challenge, due to their capability to navigates around defenses and to evade detection for a prolonged period of time. Targeted... Read More about Handling minority class problem in threats detection based on heterogeneous ensemble learning approach..

Racing strategy for the dynamic-customer location-allocation problem. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
ANKRAH, R., LACROIX, B., MCCALL, J., HARDWICK, A., CONWAY, A. and OWUSU, G. 2020. Racing strategy for the dynamic-customer location-allocation problem. In Proceedings of 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) congress on evolutionary computation (IEEE CEC 2020), part of the 2020 (IEEE) World congress on computational intelligence (IEEE WCCI 2020) and co-located with the 2020 International joint conference on neural networks (IJCNN 2020) and the 2020 IEEE International fuzzy systems conference (FUZZ-IEEE 2020), 19-24 July 2020, Glasgow, UK [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article 9185918. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/CEC48606.2020.9185918

In previous work, we proposed and studied a new dynamic formulation of the Location-allocation (LA) problem called the Dynamic-Customer Location-allocation (DC-LA) prob­lem. DC-LA is based on the idea of changes in customer distribution over a define... Read More about Racing strategy for the dynamic-customer location-allocation problem..

WEC: weighted ensemble of text classifiers. (2020)
Conference Proceeding
UPADHYAY, A., NGUYEN, T.T., MASSIE, S. and MCCALL, J. 2020. WEC: weighted ensemble of text classifiers. In Proceedings of 2020 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) congress on evolutionary computation (IEEE CEC 2020), part of the 2020 (IEEE) World congress on computational intelligence (IEEE WCCI 2020) and co-located with the 2020 International joint conference on neural networks (IJCNN 2020) and the 2020 IEEE International fuzzy systems conference (FUZZ-IEEE 2020), 19-24 July 2020, Glasgow, UK [virtual conference]. Piscataway: IEEE [online], article ID 9185641. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/CEC48606.2020.9185641

Text classification is one of the most important tasks in the field of Natural Language Processing. There are many approaches that focus on two main aspects: generating an effective representation; and selecting and refining algorithms to build the c... Read More about WEC: weighted ensemble of text classifiers..