Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Empowering Kibera during political change: a case study through a Freirean lens.

Gibson, Neil; Vertigans, Stephen; Mueller-Hirth, Natascha


Neil Gibson


Empowerment is an often used concept and the work of Paulo Freire has helped to define the application and outcomes of approaches. The researchers visited Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya, during periods of political activity which had previously resulted in violence. Community members identified strategies employed in an attempt to curtail heightened risk. These factors were analysed to evaluate whether empowerment, as espoused by Freire, was still relevant in community development work. Empowerment strategies were multi-faceted and highlighted that they had created new issues for the community to address, suggesting strategy and outcomes need to be strong considerations in future work.


GIBSON, N., VERTIGANS, S. and MUELLER-HIRTH, N. 2023. Empowering Kibera during political change: a case study through a Freirean lens. International social work [online], 66(2), pages 399-404. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 12, 2021
Online Publication Date May 22, 2021
Publication Date Mar 31, 2023
Deposit Date Apr 12, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 12, 2021
Journal International social work
Print ISSN 0020-8728
Electronic ISSN 1461-7234
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 66
Issue 2
Pages 388-404
Keywords Empowerment; Freire; Photovoice; Education; Politics; Community
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations