Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Challenges and progresses of lithium-metal batteries.

Wang, Jinming; Ge, Bingcheng; Li, Hui; Yang, Meng; Wang, Jing; Liu, Di; Fernandez, Carlos; Chen, Xiaobo; Peng, Qiuming


Jinming Wang

Bingcheng Ge

Hui Li

Meng Yang

Jing Wang

Di Liu

Xiaobo Chen

Qiuming Peng


Lithium-metal batteries (LMBs) have received considerable enthusiasm as the candidates for next-generation high energy density storage devices. However, the unexpected electrochemical deposition of metallic Li on the surface of anode has been considered as the major obstacle, severely limiting the practical applications of high-performance LMBs. In this review, we firstly introduce three major challenges impeding large-scale commercial implementation of LMBs, i.e., high reactivity of Li, dendrite growth and unstable interface. Then, feasible strategies and the state-of-the-art progress towards these issues are addressed, which we focus on the modifications of battery components (separator, electrolyte and anode), and control of external conditions (charging modes, current density and service temperature). Finally, future perspectives and design strategies are summarized, aiming to providing new insights for the commercial applications of high performance LMBs.


WANG, J., GE, B., YANG, M., WANG, J., LIU, D., FERNANDEZ, C., CHEN, X. and PENG, Q. 2021. Challenges and progresses of lithium-metal batteries. Chemical engineering journal [online], 420(1), article 129739. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 5, 2021
Online Publication Date Apr 10, 2021
Publication Date Sep 15, 2021
Deposit Date Apr 27, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 11, 2022
Journal Chemical Engineering Journal
Print ISSN 1385-8947
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 420
Issue 1
Article Number 129739
Keywords Lithium metal batteries; Lithium dendrites; External conditions control; Battery components modification
Public URL