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Interventions to treat obesity in Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Aceves-Martins, Magaly; López-Cruz, Lizet; García-Botello, Marcela; Gutiérrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen; Moreno-Garcia, Carlos Francisco

Authors

Magaly Aceves-Martins

Lizet López-Cruz

Marcela García-Botello

Yareni Yunuen Gutiérrez-Gómez



Abstract

Context: Prevalence of overweight and obesity has been rising in the past 3 decades among Mexican children and adolescents. Objective: To systematically review experimental studies evaluating interventions to treat obesity in Mexican children and adolescents (≤18 years old). Data Sources: For this study, 13 databases and 1 search engine were searched. Data Analysis: A total of 29 studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, 2302 participants (age range, 8–16 years) from 11 states in Mexico were included. Most of the studies (n = 17 of 29) were provided in a clinical setting. A random-effect meta-analysis of 4 randomized controlled trials was conducted and a significant effect was found on body mass index reduction that favored the intervention group (−1.52; 95%CI, −2.15 to −0.89) for short-term (≤6 mo) interventions. Conclusions: A multicomponent, multidisciplinary, and individualized intervention that includes dietary modifications, physical activity practice, behavioral strategies, and active parental involvement might help treat childhood obesity in Mexico. However, long-term results need to be produced to identify effectiveness pointers that might help establish an integrated, long-lasting care model to treat obesity.

Citation

ACEVES-MARTINS, A., LÓPEZ-CRUZ, L., GARCÍA-BOTELLO, M., GUTIERREZ-GÓMEZ, Y.Y. and MORENO-GARCÍA, C.F. 2021. Interventions to treat obesity in Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition reviews [online], Advance Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuab041

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 2, 2021
Online Publication Date Aug 2, 2021
Deposit Date Aug 3, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 6, 2021
Journal Nutrition Reviews
Print ISSN 0029-6643
Electronic ISSN 1753-4887
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuab041
Keywords Nutrition and Dietetics; Medicine (miscellaneous)
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1400200
Additional Information This file associated with this output contains supplementary material (Appendix 1 and 2 and PRISMA 2009 checklist) at the end of the main fulltext file.

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Copyright Statement
© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Life Sciences Institute.







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