Cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater reservoirs represent a threat to human and animal health because of the potential release of a wide variety of harmful metabolites, known collectively as cyanotoxins. Microcystins (MCs) are one of the most commonly reported cyanotoxins with over 247 analogues to date. Conventional water treatment (i.e., coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation or flotation and filtration) is used worldwide for treatment of water contaminated with cyanobateria, however, these processes can promote cell rupture and consequently cyanotoxin release into the environment. In order to mitigate the effect of dissolved cyanobacterial toxins entering water treatment plants, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) such as photocatalysis and photolysis can be used for the control of cyanobacterial cells and toxic metabolites within reservoirs. To date, the high cost of supplying UV irradiation has prevented the widespread application of UV photolysis and titanium dioxide based photocatalysis in removing undesirable organics in the water treatment sector. To overcome this problem, the use of UV-LEDs (365 nm) for photolysis and heterogeneous photocatalysis applying TiO2 coated glass beads under UV-LED illumination (365 nm) in a pilot scale reactor for the elimination of Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7813 and four microcystin analogues (MC-LR, -LY, -LW, -LF) with a view to deployment in drinking water reservoirs was investigated. . UV-A (365 nm) photolysis was shown to be more effective than the UV/TiO2 photocatalytic system for the removal of Microcystis aeruginosa cells and microcystins. The file accompanying this output contains supplementary tables and figures.
MENEZES, I., CAPELO-NETO, J., PESTANA, C.J., CLEMENTE, A., HUI, J., IRVINE, J.T.S., GUNARATNE, H.Q.N., ROBERTSON, P.K.J., EDWARDS, C., GILLANDERS, R.N., TURNBULL, G.A. and LAWTON, L.A. 2021. Comparison of UV-A photolytic and UV/TiO2 photocatalytic effects on Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7813 and four microcystin analogues: a pilot scale study. [Dataset]. Journal of environmental management [online], 298, article 113519. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479721015814#appsec1