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An integrated multi-objective optimization and multi-criteria decision-making model for optimal planning of workplace charging stations.

Erdogan, Nuh; Pamucar, Dragan; Kucuksari, Sadik; Deveci, Muhammet

Authors

Dragan Pamucar

Sadik Kucuksari

Muhammet Deveci



Abstract

This study addresses the optimal planning of electric vehicle charging infrastructure at workplaces. As the optimal planning for a given workplace can involve various criteria that comprise conflicting single objectives, this study proposes a new integrated multi-objective optimization and multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) model for determining the most suitable electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) configuration. This approach combines the advantage of multi-objective optimization, which yields Pareto solutions, with an improved MCDM model. The latter is used to evaluate the Pareto frontier to find the best performing solution by enabling the station owners to use linguistic variables for weighting the decision-making variables. The conventional weighted aggregated sum product assessment (WASPAS) method is improved by introducing the Dombi Bonferroni functions in the proposed model making it more flexible as compared to its counterparts. In the final step, the selected solutions are ranked by reapplying the MCDM model. A case study is performed based on collected charging data from a workplace. To validate the proposed model, a comparison against four alternative MCDM models is performed. It is demonstrated that the proposed model yields very close ranking order as the alternative approaches. Among five EVSE options, DC fast charging is found to be the best while AC Level-2 EVSE (19.2/22 kW) is found to be the least attractive option. Sensitivity analysis shows the robustness of the ranking results in response to changing weightings of the model coefficients.

Citation

ERDOGAN, N., PAMUCAR, D., KUCUKSARI, S. and DEVECI, M. 2021. An integrated multi-objective optimization and multi-criteria decision-making model for optimal planning of workplace charging stations. Applied energy [online], 304, article 117866. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117866

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 10, 2021
Online Publication Date Sep 29, 2021
Publication Date Dec 15, 2021
Deposit Date Sep 30, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 30, 2022
Journal Applied Energy
Print ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 304
Article Number 117866
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117866
Keywords Electric vehicles; EVSE; Multi-objective optimization; Multi-criteria decision making; Workplace charging; Dombi Bonferroni WASPAS
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1474539