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Co-debriefing virtual simulations: an international perspective.

Goldsworthy, Sandra; Goodhand, Kate; Baron, Sue; Button, Didy; Hunter, Steve; McNeill, Liz; Budden, Fiona; McIntosh, Alison; Kay, Clair; Fasken, Lisa


Sandra Goldsworthy

Kate Goodhand

Sue Baron

Didy Button

Steve Hunter

Liz McNeill

Fiona Budden

Alison McIntosh

Clair Kay

Lisa Fasken


Co-debriefing is a process in which two or more individuals facilitate a simulation debriefing. Debriefing is considered an essential best practice that occurs as soon after a simulation as possible and should be conducted by experienced debriefers. This paper will describe the lessons learned, challenges and future considerations for co-debriefing a virtual simulation experience. The international co-debriefing team in this study included 11 nursing faculty from five universities in four countries (Canada, England, Scotland and Australia). Primary benefits of co-debriefing included: mentorship for less experienced debriefers and deeper learning for students by providing multiple perspectives. Challenges included consideration of various time zones for international planning meetings and adaptation of the virtual simulation to the country context. Group sizes of six to eight students were optimal for the debrief and a co-debriefing checklist for all co-debriefers helped maintain consistency with the debrief, assisted in developing a game plan among debriefers, and helped in planning contingencies.


GOLDSWORTHY, S., GOODHAND, K., BARON, S., BUTTON, D., HUNTER, S., MCNEILL, L., BUDDEN, F., MCINTOSH, A., KAY, C. and FASKEN, L. 2022. Co-debriefing virtual simulations: an international perspective. Clinical simulation in nursing [online], 63, pages 1-4. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 14, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 11, 2021
Publication Date Feb 28, 2022
Deposit Date Jan 17, 2022
Publicly Available Date Dec 12, 2022
Journal Clinical Simulation in Nursing
Print ISSN 1876-1399
Electronic ISSN 1876-1402
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 63
Pages 1-4
Keywords Co-debriefing; Debriefing; Virtual simulation; Nursing students; Nursing
Public URL


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