The effect of bio-banding on academy soccer player passing networks: implications of relative pitch size.
Towlson, Christopher; Abt, Grant; Barrett, Steve; Cumming, Sean; Hunter, Frances; Hamilton, Ally; Lowthorpe, Alex; Goncalves, Bruno; Corsie, Martin; Swinton, Paul
Dr Paul Swinton firstname.lastname@example.org
The primary aims of this study were to examine the effects of bio-banding players on passing networks created during 4v4 small-sided games (SSGs), while also examining the interaction of pitch size using passing network analysis compared to a coach-based scoring system of player performance. Using a repeated measures design, 32 players from two English Championship soccer clubs contested mixed maturity and bio-banded SSGs. Each week, a different pitch size was used: Week 1) small (36.1 m2 per player); week 2) medium (72.0 m2 per player); week 3) large (108.8 m2 per player); and week 4) expansive (144.50 m2 per player). All players contested 12 maturity (mis)matched and 12 mixed maturity SSGs. Technical-tactical outcome measures were collected automatically using a foot-mounted device containing an inertial measurement unit (IMU) and the Game Technical Scoring Chart (GTSC) was used to subjectively quantify the technical performance of players. Passing data collected from the IMUs were used to construct passing networks. Mixed effect models were used with statistical inferences made using generalized likelihood ratio tests, accompanied by Cohen’s local f2 to quantify the effect magnitude of each independent variable (game type, pitch size and maturation). Consistent trends were identified with mean values for all passing network and coach-based scoring metrics indicating better performance and more effective collective behaviours for early compared with late maturation players. Network metrics established differences (f2 = 0.00 to 0.05) primarily for early maturation players indicating that they became more integral to passing and team dynamics when playing in a mixed-maturation team. However, coach-based scoring was unable to identify differences across bio-banding game types (f2 = 0.00 to 0.02). Pitch size had the largest effect on metrics captured at the team level (f2 = 0.24 to 0.27) with smaller pitch areas leading to increased technical actions. The results of this study suggest that the use of passing networks may provide additional insight into the effects of interventions such as bio-banding and that the number of early-maturing players should be considered when using mixed-maturity playing formats to help to minimize late-maturing players over-relying on their early-maturing counterparts during match-play.
TOWLSON, C., ABT, G., BARRETT, S., CUMMING, S., HUNTER, F., HAMILTON, A., LOWTHORPE, A., GONCALVES, B., CORSIE, M. and SWINTON, P. 2021. The effect of bio-banding on academy soccer player passing networks: implications of relative pitch size. Plos one [online], 16(12), article e0260867. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0260867
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 19, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Dec 16, 2021|
|Publication Date||Dec 31, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Jan 13, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Jan 13, 2022|
|Publisher||Public Library of Science|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Bio-banding; Passing networks; Player performance; Soccer clubs|
TOWLSON 2021 The effect of bio-banding (VOR)
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© 2021 Towlson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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