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MNOC's level of engagement with human rights obligations in transnational litigations from the Niger Delta.

Ochei, Nkem Violet; Ezeani, Elimma; Anderson, Craig


Elimma Ezeani

Craig Anderson


The approach that Multinational Oil companies (MNOCs) use to comply with their human rights obligations translates to the different levels of engagement with stakeholders. For example, concerns regarding alleged human rights and environmental violations of MNOCs usually starts with a notification, and then a formal complaint and if this is handled improperly will result in litigation. The ways MNOCs handles the disputes reflects whether the company pursues an inactive, reactive, active or proactive level of engagement with its human right obligations. This paper evaluates each level of engagement against a selected set of transnational human rights and environmental litigations arising from the Niger Delta. This evaluation reveals that MNOCs with a proactive approach considers the engagement and implementation of their human right obligations as a shared societal responsibility and are more inclined to looking at the background of the complaint to solve the underlying problems in collaboration with all stakeholders. This paper, therefore, concludes that a proactive approach will lead to an improvement in human rights and environmental protection, in partnerships with local governments, local communities and NGOs.


OCHEI, N.V., EZEANI, E. and ANDERSON, C. 2021. MNOC's level of engagement with human rights obligations in transnational litigations from the Niger Delta. People: international journal of social sciences [online], 7(3), pages 18-41. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 26, 2021
Online Publication Date Nov 15, 2021
Publication Date Dec 12, 2021
Deposit Date Jan 17, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 17, 2022
Journal People: International Journal of Social Sciences
Print ISSN 2454-5899
Publisher Global Research and Development Services Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 3
Pages 18-41
Keywords Human rights; Environmental rights; Obligations; Transnational; Litigations; Levels of engagement; Multinational oil companies; Niger Delta
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