Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

How else could you do that? The effects of generating multiple means of goal attainment on female students' perceived goal attainability.

Abdulla, Adam; Woods, Ruth

Authors

Adam Abdulla



Abstract

Perceived goal attainability (PGA) is a crucial variable in education, influencing students' goal commitment, goal pursuit and psychological wellbeing. Asking students to generate multiple means of goal attainment is thought to have a positive effect on PGA. And yet research on the "availability" heuristic suggests that difficulty in generating means of goal attainment may have a negative effect on PGA. The present study is the first to examine the matter in a real-world middle and high school context. In three experiments female students aged 11-15 were asked to generate many/few means of goal attainment. An inconsistent mediation model was hypothesised in which the "many means" condition has a negative indirect effect on perceived goal attainability through difficulty-in-generation (DIG) but a positive direct effect on the same variable. It was also hypothesised that these effects are greater in students with low baseline PGA. This moderated mediation hypothesis was supported statistically by tests of interaction in Experiments 1 and 2. In Experiment 3, which involved the youngest students with the highest baseline PGA, difficulty-in-generation and the "Think of many" manipulation appeared to have much less effect, again suggesting that the effect of DIG (and "Think of many") exert less of an influence when students' baseline PGA is high. Results have important implications for schools, students and educators alike.

Citation

ABDULLA, A. and WOODS, R. 2022. How else could you do that? The effects of generating multiple means of goal attainment on female students' perceived goal attainability. Contemporary educational psychology [online], 70, article 102086. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2022.102086

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 25, 2022
Online Publication Date Jun 28, 2022
Publication Date Jul 31, 2022
Deposit Date Jun 27, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jun 27, 2022
Journal Contemporary Educational Psychology
Print ISSN 0361-476X
Electronic ISSN 1090-2384
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 70
Article Number 102086
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2022.102086
Keywords Perceived goal attainability; Availability; Heuristic; Ease-of-retrieval; Inconsistent mediation
Public URL https://rgu-repository.worktribe.com/output/1698800

Files





You might also like



Downloadable Citations