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Forensic delay analysis as evidence of transaction costs in construction projects.

Atanasov, V.A.; Greenwood, D.J.; Sanchez, D.E.; Ross, H.


D.J. Greenwood

D.E. Sanchez


Construction projects are characterised by supply chains with multiple contracts and significant transaction costs. An example of these costs is to be found in the management of project delays. The operationalisation and measurement of transaction costs, especially in the construction context, has hitherto proved difficult. The work reported here is concerned with defining and measuring the resources required for the management of contractual disputes relating to project delays. Its main argument is that concepts from transaction cost economics (TCE) theory (bounded rationality, uncertainty, information asymmetry, and opportunistic behaviour) present serious problems for transaction efficiency. This is exemplified in forensic analysis of construction project delays. Data from twelve case studies are analysed, to reveal that up to 90% of time spent on delay analysis was concerned with searching for and validating information which could, ostensibly, be automatically and reliably captured using digital technologies. This research forms part of a wider study that considers the implications of the identified inefficiencies and makes a case for the exploitation of advances in information technology on the more efficient resolution (or even avoidance) of contractual disputes. It concludes that there is a prima facie case for this, and therefore for the reduction in the transaction costs that relate to the management of construction project delays.


ATANASOV, V.A., GREENWOOD, D.J., ROSS, H. and SANCHEZ, D.E. 2022. Forensic delay analysis as evidence of transaction costs in construction projects. IOP conference series: earth and environmental science [online], 1101(5): planning, partnership, and law; selected papers from 2022 World building congress (WBC2022): building our future; informing practice to enhance the lives of current and future generations, 27-30 June 2022, Melbourne, Australia, article 052009. Available from:

Journal Article Type Conference Paper
Conference Name 2022 World building congress (WBC2022)
Conference Location Melbourne, Australia
Acceptance Date Oct 10, 2022
Online Publication Date Nov 7, 2022
Publication Date Dec 31, 2022
Deposit Date Jul 1, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jul 1, 2022
Journal IOP conference series: earth and environmental science
Print ISSN 1755-1307
Electronic ISSN 1755-1315
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1101
Issue 5
Article Number 052009
Keywords Construction projects; Supply chains; Contracts; Transaction costs; Transaction cost economics (TCE); Case studies
Public URL
Related Public URLs (Corrigendum to this journal article)
Additional Information The file accompanying this record contains the corrections published in the corrigendum ( ), followed by the full-text article.


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