Naara L. Godina-Flores
Obesity and its association with mental health among Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review.
Godina-Flores, Naara L.; Gutierrez-Gómez, Yareni Yunuen; García-Botello, Marcela; López-Cruz, Lizet; Moreno-García, Carlos Francisco; Aceves-Martins, Magaly
Yareni Yunuen Gutierrez-Gómez
Dr Carlos Moreno-Garcia email@example.com
Obesity and mental health issues increasingly affect children and adolescents, but whether obesity is a risk factor for mental health issues is unclear. To systematically review the association between obesity and mental health issues (ie, anxiety and/or depression) among Mexican children and adolescents. A literature search of 13 databases and 1 search engine was conducted. Population, exposure, comparison, outcomes, and study design data were extracted, analyzed, and narratively synthesized. The JBI critical appraisal tool was used to evaluate evidence quality. A total of 16 studies with 12,103 participants between 8 and 18 years old were included. Four studies focused on anxiety outcomes, 10 on depression, and 2 on both (ie, anxiety and depression). Evidence is unclear about the association of obesity with anxiety. However, most evidence shows that Mexican children and adolescents with overweight or obesity are more likely to have depression or report a higher number of depressive symptoms than normal-weight participants. Such likelihood is greater for females. Health promotion interventions to treat or prevent obesity could also consider mental health outcomes. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO registration no. CRD42019154132.
GODINA-FLORES, N.L., GUTIERREZ-GÓMEZ, Y.Y., GARCÍA-BOTELLO, M., LÓPEZ-CRUZ, L., MORENO-GARCÍA, C.F. and ACEVES-MARTINS, M. 2022. Obesity and its association with mental health among Mexican children and adolescents: systematic review. Nutrition reviews [online], Advanced Articles. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuac083
|Journal Article Type||Review|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 26, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 26, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Oct 13, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Oct 13, 2022|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Adolescents; Anxiety; Children; Depression; Mexico; Obesity|
GODINA-FLORES 2022 Obesity and its association
Publisher Licence URL
© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Life Sciences Institute.
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