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Feminae: an international multisite innovative project for female athletes.

Elliott-Sale, Kirsty J.; Ackerman, Kathryn E.; Lebrun, Constance M.; Minahan, Clare; Sale, Craig; Stellingwerff, Trent; Swinton, Paul A.; Hackney, Anthony C.


Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

Kathryn E. Ackerman

Constance M. Lebrun

Clare Minahan

Craig Sale

Trent Stellingwerff

Anthony C. Hackney


Sufficient high-quality studies in sport science using women as participants are lacking, meaning that our knowledge and understanding of female athletes in relation to their ovarian hormone profiles is limited. Consortia can be used to pool talent, expertise and data, thus accelerating our learning on a given topic and reducing research waste through collaboration. To this end, we have assembled an international multisite team, described here, to investigate the effects of the menstrual cycle and contraceptive pill phase on aspects of exercise physiology and sports performance in female athletes. We intend to produce an adequately powered, high-quality dataset, which can be used to inform the practices of female athletes. Our approach will also employ research transparency-through the inclusion of a process evaluation-and reproducibility-through a standardised study protocol.


ELLIOTT-SALE, K.J., ACKERMAN, K.E., LEBRUN, C.M., MINAHAN, C., SALE, C., STELLINGWERFF, T., SWINTON, P.A. and HACKNEY, A.C. 2023. Feminae: an international multisite innovative project for female athletes. BMJ open sport and exercise medicine [online], 9(4), article number e001675. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 8, 2023
Online Publication Date Oct 3, 2023
Publication Date Dec 31, 2023
Deposit Date Sep 8, 2023
Publicly Available Date Sep 8, 2023
Journal BMJ open sport and exercise medicine
Electronic ISSN 2055-7647
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 4
Pages e001675
Keywords Sport sciences; Women; Female athletes; Ovarian hormone profiles; Menstrual cycle
Public URL
PMID 37808006


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