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Development of hospital pharmacy services at transition of care points: a scoping review.

Stoll, Jasmin Theresa; Weidmann, Anita Elaine


Jasmin Theresa Stoll

Anita Elaine Weidmann


Several hospital pharmacy services exist, which take place at different interfaces of patient care. Although they are an important tool for improving medication safety, they are not yet sufficiently implemented in hospitals around the world. This scoping review aims to summarise different hospital pharmacy services at transition of care (TOC) points in order to identify development trends and practice patterns in high-income countries over the past decade. A literature search of four databases (PubMed, PubPharm, Cochrane Library (Ovid) and ScienceDirect) since 2011 was conducted. A detailed search strategy was developed and refined with the help of a research librarian. Title, abstract and full-text selection was carried out by two researchers independently. The study was reported in accordance with the PRISMA-ScR items to ensure quality standard reporting. Only studies originating from developed countries and published in the English language were included. The data obtained were extracted and summarised using a data extraction form developed to meet the research aims of the study. Of the 5456 search results, 65 studies met the inclusion criteria. These originated from Europe (n=29), North America/Canada (n=28), Australia (n=7) and Asia (n=1). Individual TOC services such as medication reconciliation and medication review on admission and at discharge were the main focus of published literature practice patterns between 2011 and 2016, after which a more holistic TOC service started to emerge that follows patients across all TOC points during their hospital stay. Facilitators and barriers were consistently dependent on resources and infrastructure. Clinical and economic outcomes show a mixed picture. During the past decade pharmaceutical services have developed more holistic TOC services. Large-scale high-quality studies are needed to reliably determine clinical and economic benefit.


STOLL, J.T. and WEIDMANN, A.E. 2024. Development of hospital pharmacy services at transition of care points: a scoping review. European journal of hospital pharmacy [online], Online First. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 30, 2024
Online Publication Date Feb 28, 2024
Deposit Date Apr 16, 2024
Publicly Available Date Mar 1, 2025
Journal European journal of hospital pharmacy
Print ISSN 2047-9956
Electronic ISSN 2047-9964
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords General pharmacology; Toxicology; Pharmaceutics; Hospital pharmacies; Pharmaceutical services
Public URL
Additional Information This article has been published with separate supporting information. This supporting information has been incorporated into a single file on this repository and can be found at the end of the file associated with this output.