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Enterprise education with Chinese characteristics; policy, practices and uneven development in PRC.

Anderson, Alistair R.; Zhang, Xiuxiang


Alistair R. Anderson

Xiuxiang Zhang


Purpose: The paper aims to review the emergence and nature of entrepreneurship education in China. This paper considers the variability of developments in practices despite policy. In turn, this allows one to consider the implications of this uneven distribution of expertise and resources. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is primarily empirically descriptive, but it draws upon different literatures to examine entrepreneurship education in the uniqueness of its Chinese context. The authors offer two comparative cases to illustrate the arguments. Findings: Substantial differences were found by region and by the status of the institution. The region aspect is paradoxical because the largest number of new businesses exists in those regions with the best provision of enterprise education. The channelling of resources to elite resources compounds the problem. Less prestigious universities make do with what they have, and this may be detrimental for the quality and effectiveness of enterprise education. Research limitations/implications: There may be some regional differences that have been overlooked, but the thrust is clear. Different resource allocations have shaped entrepreneurship education in the regions. Practical implications: Applied policy may have detrimental effects on less well-endowed universities and thus neglect less entrepreneurial places. Social implications: If entrepreneurship is to deliver its promise of opportunity, innovation and job creation, it needs to be taught by experienced and informed faculty. The uneven distribution of entrepreneurship pedagogy and expertise indicates that this may be more difficult to deliver in some places. Originality/value: Although entrepreneurship education in China is now pervasive, little work has been done in comparing policies with practices.


ANDERSON, A.R. and ZHANG, X. 2015. Enterprise education with Chinese characteristics: policy, practices and uneven development in PRC. Journal of entrepreneurship in emerging economies [online], 7(3), pages 276-292. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 5, 2015
Online Publication Date Sep 7, 2015
Publication Date Sep 7, 2015
Deposit Date Sep 25, 2015
Publicly Available Date Sep 25, 2015
Journal Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies
Print ISSN 2053-4604
Electronic ISSN 2053-4612
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 3
Pages 276-292
Keywords Regions; Entrepreneurship education; China; Context; Policy
Public URL


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