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Gas permeation study using ceramic membranes.

Kajama, Mohammed; Nwogu, Ngozi; Gobina, Edward

Authors

Mohammed Kajama

Ngozi Nwogu

Edward Gobina



Abstract

A 6000 nm ceramic membrane was repaired with boehmite solution (ALOOH) through the repeat dip-coating technique. The permeance of hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) were obtained through the membrane in relation to average pressure at room temperature for the support membrane and as cracked membrane. A repair process was carried out on the cracked membrane by same dip coating process and results obtained after first and second dips. The permeance of the support membrane obtained ranged between 1.50 to 3.04 {D7} 10-7 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1. However, as a result of a crack that occurred during the removal of the membrane from the reactor, the permeance increased from 2.96 to 5.82 10-7 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1. Further application of boehmite solution on the membrane lead to an improvement on the surface of the membrane with some degree and surface cracks were reduced. This also decreased the permeance to 1.26 - 3.39 {D7} 10-8 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 after the second dip. Consequently, another silica based modified membrane was used for carbon dioxide and nitrogen (N2) permeation. The plots show that carbon dioxide permeated faster than the other gases, indicating dominance of a more selective adsorptive transport mechanism. Accordingly, results obtained show an appreciable high carbon dioxide permeance of 3.42 {D7} 10-6 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 at a relatively low pressure when compared to nitrogenconfirming that the membrane has so far exhibited a high permeability, selectivity and high CO2 gas recovery. The permselectivities of CO2 over H2 at room temperature was also obtained which were higher than the Knudsen selectivity.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 31, 2014
Journal Energy and environment research
Print ISSN 1927-0569
Electronic ISSN 1927-0577
Publisher Canadian Center of Science and Education
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 3
Pages 43-49
Institution Citation KAJAMA, M.N., NWOGU, N.C. and GOBINA, E. 2014. Gas permeation study using ceramic membranes. Energy and environment research [online], 4(3), pages 43-49. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5539/eer.v4n3p43
DOI https://doi.org/10.5539/eer.v4n3p43
Keywords Ceramic membranes; Gas permeation; Hydrogen selectivity; Carbon dioxide selectivity; Defect repair

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