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Workplace waste recycling behaviour: a meta-analytical review.

Oke, Adekunle


Adekunle Oke


In order to increase waste recycling, many studies have been conducted to understand factors that may influence waste recycling behaviour. However, these studies have focused on household contexts rather than other waste generation contexts. As a result, this paper seeks to provide a detailed analysis of previous studies on workplace waste recycling behaviour. Drawing from different databases, 51 relevant studies on workplace waste recycling attitudes and behaviour were meta-analysed. Findings showed that the highest percentage of the existing studies were conducted in the USA, focused on a single waste stream, were often conducted within academic contexts, adopted (or modified) an existing theoretical framework and were based on questionnaires which elicited self-reported behaviour. Some of the factors identified include demographics, situational variables, past behaviour, incentives, prompts and/or information, attitudes and identity. The findings highlighted the scale of challenges confronting waste management practitioners in understanding the factors that may affect waste recycling behaviour due to the complexity and heterogeneity of human behaviours. However, the results from the reviewed studies in this research suggest that a combination of different factors may be required to influence workplace waste recycling behaviour. This may provide effective incentives to develop a framework that may assist waste management stakeholders when addressing workplace waste management.


OKE, A. 2015. Workplace waste recycling behaviour: a meta-analytical review. Sustainability [online], 7(6), pages 7175-7194. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 27, 2015
Online Publication Date Jun 2, 2015
Publication Date Jun 2, 2015
Deposit Date Sep 9, 2016
Publicly Available Date Sep 9, 2016
Journal Sustainability
Electronic ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 6
Pages 7175-7194
Keywords Recycling; Workplace; Waste; Waste management; Attitudes; Behaviour; Household; Meta analysis
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