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Responsive design for personalised subtitles.

Hughes, Chris J.; Armstrong, Mike; Jones, Rhianne; Crabb, Michael


Chris J. Hughes

Mike Armstrong

Rhianne Jones

Michael Crabb


The Internet has continued to evolve, becoming increasingly media rich. It is now a major platform for video content, which is available to a variety of users across a range of devices. Subtitles enhance this experience for many users. However, subtitling techniques are still based on early television systems, which impose limitations on font type, size and line length. These are no longer appropriate in the context of a modern web-based culture. In this paper we describe a new approach to displaying subtitles alongside the video content. This follows the responsive web design paradigm enabling subtitles to be formatted appropriately for different devices whilst respecting the requirements and preferences of the viewer. We present a prototype responsive video player, and report initial results from a study to evaluate the value perceived by regular subtitle users.


HUGHES, C.J., ARMSTRONG, M., JONES, R. and CRABB, M. 2015. Responsive design for personalised subtitles. In Proceedings of the 12th Web for all conference (W4A'15), 18-20 May 2015, Florence, Italy. New York: ACM [online], article No. 8. Available from:

Conference Name 12th Web for all conference (W4A'15)
Conference Location Florence, Italy
Start Date May 18, 2015
End Date May 20, 2015
Acceptance Date May 18, 2015
Online Publication Date May 18, 2015
Publication Date May 20, 2015
Deposit Date Mar 28, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 28, 2017
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Article Number 8
Keywords Subtitles; Captions; Accessibility; Video; Audio; Web; VOD
Public URL


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