Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Banknote authentication using chaotic elements technology.

Ambadiyil, Sajan; Krishnendu, P.S.; Pillai, V.P. Mahadevan; Prabhu, Radhakrishna


Sajan Ambadiyil

P.S. Krishnendu

V.P. Mahadevan Pillai


Henri Bouma

Felicity Carlysle-Davies

Robert James Stokes

Yitzhak Yitzhaky


The counterfeit banknote is a growing threat to the society since the advancements in the field of computers, scanners and photocopiers, as they have made the duplication process for banknote much simpler. The fake note detection systems developed so far have many drawbacks such as high cost, poor accuracy, unavailability, lack of user-friendliness and lower effectiveness. One possible solution to this problem could be the use of a system uniquely linked to the banknote itself. In this paper, we present a unique identification and authentication process for the banknote using chaotic elements embedded in it. A chaotic element means that the physical elements are formed from a random process independent from human intervention. The chaotic elements used in this paper are the random distribution patterns of such security fibres set into the paper pulp. A unique ID is generated from the fibre pattern obtained from UV image of the note, which can be verified by any person who receives the banknote to decide whether the banknote is authentic or not. Performance analysis of the system is also studied in this paper.

Start Date Sep 11, 2017
Publication Date Oct 12, 2017
Print ISSN 0277-786X
Electronic ISSN 1996-756X
Publisher Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Article Number 10441 04
Series Title Proceedings of SPIE
Series Number 10441
Series ISSN 1996-756X
ISBN 9781510613461
Institution Citation AMBADIYIL, S., KRISHNENDU, P.S., PILLAI, V.P.M. and PRABHU, R. 2017. Banknote authentication using chaotic elements technology. In Bourma, H., Carlysle-Davies, F., Stokes, R.J. and Yitzhaky, Y. (eds.) Proceedings of the 1st Counterterrorism, crime fighting, forensics and surveillance technologies conference 2017: co-located with the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Security and defence 2017 conference, 11-12 September 2017, Warsaw, Poland. Proceedings of SPIE, 10441. Bellingham, WA: SPIE [online], article number 1044104. Available from:
Keywords Chaotic element; Counterfeiting; Authentication; Banknote; SURF; Image registration; Feature extraction


You might also like

Downloadable Citations