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Annual prediction output of an RADTIRC-PV module.

Freier, Daria; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa; Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto; Munir, Abu Bakar; Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd; Bani, Nurul Aini; Mas'ud, Abdullahi Abubakar; Ardila-Rey, Jorge Alfredo; Karim, Md Ershadul


Daria Freier

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki

Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar

Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez

Abu Bakar Munir

Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin

Nurul Aini Bani

Abdullahi Abubakar Mas'ud

Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey

Md Ershadul Karim


The number of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations has been increasing worldwide but the high capital cost of installation continues to be the main challenge, particularly in many developing countries. The solar concentrator, a device that focuses the sunlight onto a small area, has the potential to minimize the use of expensive PV material while maintaining the system's performance, ultimately bringing down its overall cost. This study aims to predict the annual electrical output of a specific concentrator design called the rotationally asymmetrical dielectric totally internally reflecting concentrator (RADTIRC). The aforementioned design is assumed to be installed in Berlin/Brandenburg, Germany. First, a short review of concentrators is provided. Next, a description of the RADTIRC and the previous research that revolved around it are provided. Afterwards, the key parameters that are needed to determine the annual electrical output of the RADTIRC are explained before presenting the results of the simulations. It was found that the yearly energy yield was increased by a factor of 2.29 when the RADTIRC-PV module was used when compared with the non-concentrating PV module.


FREIER, D., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., ABU-BAKAR, S.H., RAMIREZ-INIGUEZ, R., MUNIR, A.B., YASIN, S.H.M., BANI, N.A., MAS'UD, A.A., ARDILA-REY, J.A. and KARIM, M.E. 2018. Annual prediction output of an RADTIRC-PV module. Energies [online], 11(3), article number 544. Available from:

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 1, 2018
Online Publication Date Mar 3, 2018
Publication Date Mar 31, 2018
Deposit Date Mar 6, 2018
Publicly Available Date Mar 6, 2018
Journal Energies
Electronic ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 3
Article Number 544
Keywords Photovoltaic; Optical concentrator; Rotationally asymmetrical dielectric totally internally reflecting concentrator; Annual output; Berlin
Public URL
Publisher URL


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